Reducing the Impact of Disasters Through Education
State Information

2008 State Reports

Alabama
Alaska
Colorado
Delaware
Florida
Hawaii
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Michigan
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
New Hampshire
New Mexico
New York
North Dakota
Ohio
Pennsylvania
South Carolina
South Dakota
Texas
Washington
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Supplemental Sea Grants

Alabama

Animal Agrosecurity – Alabama representatives from Extension, the Department of Agriculture and Industries, and the Emergency Management Agency attended the southern region Animal Agrosecurity conference held at Clemson. Area Agricultural Emergency Planning sessions hosted by the Alabama EMA, AL Department of Homeland Security and the AL Department of Agriculture and Industries included Extension agents, local first responders, and EMA representatives. Extension also participated in the Alabama FMD full scale exercise held in June.

County and State Office Preparedness – In an effort to make it easier to access, the Extension emergency and continuity plan was posted to the Intranet and is available to all employees. AU campus building diagrams included lists of zone emergency response staff and the employees for whom they are responsible. A hands-on fire extinguisher class was offered to Extension personnel on the AU campus. A slideshow of the class is posted on slideshare. County offices updated their continuity plans during National Preparedness Month. Each office was provided with a First Aid Essentials booklet. Regional agents also received copies of the booklet and encouraged to assemble a disaster kit for their vehicles.

Emergency Preparedness Web page – Frequent updates to the Alabama EDEN page have been posted this year. New to the page is a monthly Ready Tip. Each article includes links to relevant resources. Some articles also include a link to an audio version of the article.

Food Safety and Defense – Extension was a partner in a state-wide conference for health care providers, dieticians, and food service professionals. Participants learned about state and federal agency food safety activities and resources.

Hurricane Response – Alabama was a destination state for Hurricanes Gustav and Ike evacuees. Extension agents prepared packets and activities for parents and children housed in shelters. Other agents contributed by providing information to radio, television and newspaper outlets.

Successful Aging Initiative – Helping senior citizens be prepared was the theme of a September workshop held in Morgan County. Each of the more than 350 participants received a copy of Disaster Supplies Kit from Talking About Disasters along with a disaster kit bucket (with water, first aid kit, flashlight and batteries, and toiletry articles).

Urban and Community Forestry – This year's Alabama Urban and Community Forestry Volunteer Leadership Training program focused on rebuilding urban forests damaged by hurricanes. Extension also hosted Weathering Future Storms: Steps for a Storm-Resilient Community Forest. Both meetings targeted urban foresters, while the volunteer leadership session also targeted local government leaders, public works personnel, and private citizens.

Alaska

Juneau District Emergency Response to the Snettisham disaster April 2008- Dr. Sonja Koukel
The situation was this: major avalanches had destroyed the towers that delivered hydroelectric power to the city and it was necessary to use diesel generators for backup. What this meant to Juneau citizens was that the power rates would go from 15 cents/kWH to over 50 cents/kWH for an undetermined amount of time. Panic ensued and citizens swamped the governor's office with calls seeking information on how best to cut their power consumption. Immediately, I was on the phone to the governor's office providing staff with links to the Cooperative Extension Service Energy website, publications, and to the Juneau office. The public service did not stop there, a Cooperative Extension publications Energy Information table was set up in the district office commons area; I arranged for two local radio interviews with Rich Seifert, Cooperative Extension Energy and Housing Specialist; I hosted and provided travel expenses for two community presentations with Rich Seifert; I authored newspaper articles and letters to the editor; I provided continuous updates to the Extension Interim Director and the Energy Specialist; and I was interviewed on two local radio programs. Fortunately, the towers were repaired within eight weeks and the city returned to normal. However, the situation helped raise community awareness of the Cooperative Extension Energy program and I look forward to the Juneau district providing continued leadership and support in this area. For more information: ffsdk@uaf.edu

GPS Emergency Responder Program- Mat-Su/Cooper River District- Dr. Stephen Brown
I taught 17 GPS classes geared towards emergency preparedness with a total of 454 participants. Six of the 17 classes were for youth audiences. An interesting result of this has been that the Mat-Su School District is planning a GPS Emergency Responder program for their 4th grade classes. The underlying goal is to get kids interested in science and engineering, but the school district's curriculum coordinator wants to lure the kids into participating by giving them emergency responder awards for completing the program. For more information: ffscb2@uaf.edu

Nome Northwest District Cooperative Extension Service- Kari van Delden
I attend the monthly meetings of Nome's Local Emergency planning Committee and have been for the past 4 years. As part of my work with the Local Emergency Planning Committee we drafted a document "Power Outage Checklist" to go out in the Utility bill to all households in Nome, 2,200 statements. This was in response to a winter storm January 22, 2007 that knocked out power for a large portion of Nome and caused many homes to freeze up. The LEPC wanted to have the document go out in the first

Utility bill after the storm to take advantage of the teachable moment. We were able to get it out in time and it was very well received. I have also created Evacuation Checklist for winter storms and the Basics of Water and Food Storage. For more information: ffklv@uaf.edu

Septic Systems After the Flood/Septic Systems and Groundwater- Lisa Wedin
We produced two brochures this year on septic systems for a Department of Environmental Conservation septic grant targeting Seward (AK) because of the tendency for flooding there. We produced Septic Systems After the Flood and Septic Systems and Groundwater for that grant. We have updated the brochures Emergency Water and Water Testing and Interpreting Your Results. For more information: lisa.wedin@uaf.edu

Colorado

Regional Animal AgroSecurity Conference held May 21-22, 2008
Hosted one of the six regional AgroSecurity Conferences. There were a total of 170 people that attended part or all of the conference. A survey was completed indicating there was a high level of learning about the topics we had on the agenda. On a scale of 1-10, with 10 being best, the overall rating at the beginning of the program was 4.07 and after the program increased to 7.32.

County Table Top Exercise on Foot and Mouth at the County Fair.
This exercise was developed by CSU Extension and the Adams County Emergency Management staff. A scenario was developed so as to determine what shortfalls the county may currently have. This exercise was highly supported by the Adams County Board of County Commissioners as all department heads were present including the Sheriff's Department and the Emergency Preparedness Department. Several other Front Range counties were also in attendance. The PowerPoint slides were distributed to several counties across the state.

Development of a Training CD for Livestock Superintendents at the County Fair.
Many of today's superintendents have limited experience with livestock. The CD provides information on livestock handling, regulatory testing, and disease awareness. In addition, a quiz was developed to assist in the training course.

Delaware

While Delaware Cooperative Extension has participated in the EDEN for several years, we look forward to playing a more active role at multiple levels. With the retirement of Ron Jester as the University of Delaware Safety Specialist and the appointment of Michael Love as the Cooperative Extension Safety Agent, the responsibilities for disaster education and outreach have been clarified. For the past few months, Delaware Extension has been working on taking its place at the emergency management table.

As we work to identify our responsibilities within the local disaster education arena, we have participated in a full-scale plume exercise with Delaware Emergency Management Agency (DEMA), attended planning meetings with the Delmarva Emergency Task Force, and met with the Local Emergency Planning Committees in each county. Moving forward, as we anticipate the launch of our new website template, we are compiling many of the worthwhile resources shared by EDEN members to be made available to Delaware residents. We look forward to becoming a contributor in Delaware's emergency preparedness efforts and becoming a valued resource for our disaster management agencies, businesses, farms, residents and visitors. We appreciate the opportunity EDEN offers to help us get there.

Florida

The 2008 hurricane season has been an active one, beginning on May 30 with the formation of Tropical Storm Arthur. Florida has been on alert several times during the season, but was only affected directly by Hurricane Fay, which made landfall on August 18 in southwest Florida, crossing the state on a northeasterly path, then pivoting off the east coast at Daytona and crossing the state again from east to west, entering the Gulf of Mexico just north of Cedar Key, then veering to the northwest and crossing the state for a third time. Altogether, Fay spent 6 full days in the state. Fay caused record rainfall in several areas, significant flooding, and it spawned a severe tornado in central Florida. Thousands of homes and businesses were damaged. This year's wildfire season was not severe, but several large fires did form.

Florida State Agricultural Response Team (SART) www.flsart.org – SART is a program of the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services in which Extension plays a significant role. Now in its sixth year, Florida SART continues to grow. Florida SART participated in the recovery from Hurricane Ike in Texas by sending an expert agricultural assessment team. SART was also activated during Hurricane Fay and led the effort to develop a comprehensive assessment of damage to Florida's agriculture.

Florida Extension continued its work developing training materials for SART this year with Organizing Pet-Friendly Evacuation Shelters . This material was then taken by teams to all Florida counties to train and assist them in responding to the requirements of the federal PETS Act of 2006, which establishes requirements for pet-friendly sheltering. The training materials are available on the Florida SART Web site.

Immokalee Recovery Coordination Center – As a major educational contributor to the community, Extension must take the leadership reaching out to emergency officials and the rest of the community with our expertise, providing timely information and teaching preparatory skills. The Immokalee Recovery Coordination Center (IRCC) was formed to fill a void that Collier County emergency management officials voiced for coordination of recovery efforts in northeast Collier County. Extension provides its leadership role as principal planner to assist in damage reduction planning and coordination of community recovery. During Tropical Storm Fay, Extension organized the distribution of over 1000 door hangers to migrant farmers and workers.

Emerging Pathogens Institute http://epi.ufl.edu/ – Last year, we reported on the University of Florida's commitment to establish an Emerging Pathogens Institute. EPI is a project of the University of Florida's Institute for Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) and the Colleges of Medicine, Veterinary Medicine, Dentistry, Engineering, and Liberal Arts and Sciences. Construction of the 108,000-square-foot facility that will house the Institute has begun, and programs are well underway, getting ready for their new facility. Training and outreach will be major components of the Institute in order to educate the people of Florida on steps they can take to avoid human disease as well as helping the private sector avoid diseases that affect plants and animals.

Some of the significant pathogens already being studied are Vibrio , malaria, and antibiotic-resistant “superbugs.”
Solutions for Your Life http://solutionsforyourlife.ufl.edu/ – This is the new Web portal for University of Florida Extension. Start here to access the wide range of topics covered by the Extension Service, including disaster. This is the place to start as well to learn about and access county Extension sites.
The Disaster Handbook http://disaster.ifas.ufl.edu – A standard for over 10 years, The Disaster Handbook comprises over 350 fact sheets and a series of training units on pets and disasters, agrochemicals and security, drought and water conservation.

Hawaii

Volcanic Emissions – A new episode of the Kilauea volcano eruption began on March 12, 2008 with a new vent in the Halema‘uma‘uma crater emitting and additional 2,000 tons of sulfur dioxide a day. Under normal tradewind conditions the smoke and ash blow towards the southern tip of Hawaii island and West Hawaii. In addition to obvious health effects, the emissions have seriously affected many flower operations and have been especially devastating to proteas. CTAHR extension responded by holding educational workshops, assisted growers with options to reduce damage, and initiatiated research. CTAHR extension was funded by the CSREES Special Needs Grant program to deal with this unique problem. Since many residents surrounding the volcano rely on rain catchment system for drinking and other domestic uses, CTAHR extension developed a website and has been working with those affected with information on how to test for contamination and how to prevent and treat their water system. Ranchers downwind are also being affected by the acid rain causing accelerated corrosion to fences, pipes, gates and other infrastructure. Long term monitoring plots for fluoride levels in pastures and potential hazards to livestock are being established. (K. Sewake, M. Nishina, M. Thorne, M. DuPonte, D. Sato, W. Nishijima)

Hawaii Hazard Mitigation Plan – Hawaii Sea Grant is currently involved in the evaluation and review of the Hawaii State Hazard Mitigation Plan and has recommended the development and inclusion of a recovery plan within this document.

Tsunami Observer Program – Hawaii Sea Grant Extension Agents representing three islands have become members of the Tsunami Observer Program sponsored by the Hawaii State Civil Defense. The purpose of this program is to educate and train a group of volunteers across the State of Hawaii in real-time (photographic) and post-tsunami data collection methods for use in a tsunami event. The data will be used to study wave action, analyze event characteristics and serve as educational resources, as well as to refine the tsunami inundation maps and validate computer models.

Increased Shoreline Setbacks for Kauai County - Kauai's coastal zone management regulations were amended in December 2007. The University of Hawaii Sea Grant College Program provided scientific support and policy review of the amendments. The rule amendments utilize modern scientific and coastal management principles to improve the existing shoreline setback requirements and provide a more conservative approach to siting coastal development with respect to known coastal hazards. This will improve coastal communities' resilience to coastal disasters. A primary component of this effort is to improve the rules governing the shoreline setback area through the prohibitions of inappropriate land use practices and increased enforcement options for Kauai County.

Homeowners Handbook to Prepare for Natural Hazards – Hawaii Sea Grant has been conducting outreach with community groups to promote use and awareness of this Hawaii Sea Grant publication and to encourage disaster preparedness across the state. Over 15,000 copies of the handbook have been distributed and it is now in its third printing. Hawaii Sea Grant is currently working with other Sea Grant programs throughout the country including Louisiana, Texas, and Mississippi/Alabama to develop a similar guidebook, and assisted Louisiana with development of a Coastal Hazard Mitigation Guidebook.

Illinois

Unfortunately the EDEN highlights for Illinois have been focused on protracted flooding which occurred in four separate major events beginning in January and continuing to this time. Approximately 80 of Illinois' 102 counties have either been declared disaster areas or are immediately adjacent to a declared county. We have ramped up our long term recovery education efforts utilizing our own and EDEN's fact sheets on topics such as proper cleaning, mold remediation and avoidance, hiring qualified contractors, replacing damaged appliances, safety of canned food which has been covered by flood waters, stress, children and disasters, private well safety, disposal of damaged building materials and other items, etc.

U of I Extension received a Special Needs Flood Grant which has enabled us to expand our mold avoidance efforts by purchasing moisture meters which have been placed in loan pools in affected counties. We are also assisting owners of private wells in obtaining proper testing through certified labs. The EDEN/Purdue publication “First Steps to Flood Recovery” is being added to our inventory. Additional information resources are being obtained or updated. Some of the material continues to be distributed and some will be stockpiled to allow immediate deployment in the future.

Extension's Agriculture and Natural Resources Educators have been particularly active in advising producers on flood issues. A need to develop more information on restoring production land after floods has been identified. Producers are facing challenges ranging from scouring caused by flash flooding or levee breaks to compaction and other problems associated with land which has been under water for months in some cases. There is also a need to test inundated land for hazardous chemicals and petroleum product residue.

Extension administration has encouraged county directors and educators to fully participate in local recovery activities. One example is U of I Extension's participation in an effort to assist counties with limited Emergency Management resources in completing their mitigation plans so they will be eligible for special formulaic FEMA mitigation funding. Extension is also actively participating in the Governor's Long Term Flood Recovery Strategy Task Force.

In non-flood related activities, U of I Extension continues to utilize the Ready Business course and have found particularly interested audiences in the non-profit, small government and independent medical communities. In addition, we encourage our own offices to adopt the Ready Business features as the foundation for basic recovery/continuity plans.

Extension personnel in the far southern part of the state used a 2007 USDA Special Needs grant to fund a multi-state earthquake conference for emergency responders and others from states located in the New Madrid Seismic Zone. As if to emphasize the risk, a moderate 5.2 earthquake rattled parts of several states in the weeks leading up to the conference and, incidentally, boosted registration numbers considerably.

Indiana

Floods, Floods, Floods - Since January 2008, FEMA has made three different federal declarations for floods and storms in Indiana. The affected area covers 72 of Indiana's 92 counties. The impact has been about 10 lives lost and maybe as much as $1.2 billion in damages.

Purdue Extension immediately went into educational response mode. We distributed more than 15,000 First Steps to Flood Recovery publications by delivering them directly shelters and victims. When people returned to their homes for the first time in Franklin, In.; Cain walked down the streets handing out the publication. An American Red Cross greater in Columbus, IN said it was the first publication they gave people when they walked through the door. It gives them some hope and guidance to get their lives back to normal. In the September floods, the CEO of Northwest Indiana ARC said, "This publication is timed perfectly and is a godsend."

During the response phases of the floods, Purdue Extension addressed questions on the Disaster and Emergency Management Website (http://extension.purdue.edu/eden/). For example, more than 20,000 people visited the site's flood and tornado pages in the first 10 days after the June floods and tornadoes.

Later in June, Purdue Extension received a $43,000 USDA-CSREES grant to assist in the flood response and recovery. These funds helped replace equipment at one county office that was destroyed in the flood, paid for costs of replacing Flood Pubs . In addition, it provided resources for Purdue Extension to help counties develop long-term recovery committees. In a normal year, Indiana may have one or two LTRs. Indiana now has more than 18. Purdue Extension was able to provide extensive, in-person consultation to many of these LTRs because of administrative support and the USDA funds to cover travel costs. National volunteer agencies noted that the development of LTRs in Indiana happened very quickly and efficiently because of this important Indiana Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster partnership.

Did everything go smoothly? No. We didn't have a plan. (Ironically, we were to start writing the plan 2 days after the big storm hit. That never happened.) We don't have enough donations for victims and enough volunteers, which is problematic across the country. But in Indiana information was shared county-by-county and using distributed education through the Indiana Higher Education Telecommunication System. County teams quickly learned how to staff committees and work on case management, volunteer management, construction management, and others. They are helping victims case-by-case, which may take two years.

Also in June, the Purdue Extension Disaster Mold Team received funding and began to provide mold remediation training were requested in affected counties. With the USDA Special Needs grant, they also purchased mold meters which are loaned out to long-term recovery committees.

Silver lining:
Purdue Extension is considered to be a premier source of disaster education in Indiana, and we've been invited to participate in a grant to develop Community Organizations Active in Disaster (COADS).

Iowa

With 86 of the Iowa's 99 counties declared state disaster areas and 78 counties declared federal disaster areas, clientele needs are almost overwhelming. ISU Extension established a multi-disciplinary disaster response team to coordinate Extension's efforts to address the impacts of recent widespread flooding, tornados, and severe storms in Iowa. ISU Extension direct actions include:

  • Updating ISU Extension's Disaster Recovery website and ISU Extension website daily, often multiple times per day as new information is available. The website address is: http://www.extension.iastate.edu/disasterrecovery/
  • Holding emergency crop meetings in counties across the state since the June flooding. Decision Maker team posted a new web page that addresses multiple forms of crop insurance available to producers and related risk management topics. The link to this new page is posted on the front of the Ag Decision Maker homepage < http://www.extension.iastate.edu/agdm/ >
  • Providing assistance from ISU Extension's toll-free hotlines. (Answer Line provides consumers with information on food safety, household cleanup, and other home and family topics. Iowa Concern provides counseling on stress and loss as well as assistance with other storm-related issues.) Iowa Concern also coordinated calls from people who had services, time, money, or items to donate to tornado victims.
  • Extension has provided information on well-water testing and cleaning, flood-damaged stored grain, and emergency handling and disposal of livestock and poultry carcasses.
  • Preparing publications and factsheets on flood-related topics and making them available through the Extension websites and county offices.
  • Making news releases available to media and clients through the ISU Extension website, county websites, and RSS feeds.
  • Providing recorded and live audio directly to radio stations throughout the state, as well as making the interviews available to clients and media through the ISU Extension Website, county websites, and RSS feeds.
  • Responding to direct media requests and connecting media to appropriate ISU Extension specialists at the state, field, and county level.
  • Providing office space to local displaced organizations.
  • Center for Industrial Research and Service assessed the disaster-related needs of Iowa companies and helped Iowa companies to find resources such as a temporary workforce, buildings for lease, and suppliers, and to determine solutions for logistical problems.
  • Assessing damage to farms and farm facilities, crops, and livestock.
  • Assisting with local clean-up efforts.

ISU Extension shared information from other sources. Examples include:

  • Making available a Louisiana State University Storm Recovery Guide, adapted for Iowa, to counties to print on demand; and via Extension's Disaster Recovery website.
  • Sharing information related to Extension specialties. For example, family resource management field specialists are working with the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to share information on Medicaid Advantage plans for those affected by flooding.
  • Making available information from the State of Iowa, Extension Disaster Education Network (EDEN), the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), Small Business Development Centers, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Iowa Historical Society, and other sources.

Special thanks to all extension experts across the country that provided assistance, time, and information during our year of need.

Kansas

At Kansas State, we're still in “raising awareness” mode within our own extension system and the general public when it comes to EDEN. With that in mind:

In several news releases throughout the year that touched on some aspect of emergency preparedness/disaster recovery, news writers added a paragraph about K-State Research and Extension's involvement in EDEN, with an explanation as to what EDEN is and its URL. Some headlines included: Disaster-Related Recommendations Now On-Line, EDEN site has tips from numerous universities ; K-State Safety Specialist: ‘Prepare to Weather Storm Safely ; Storm Safety: K-State Web site Has Links to Helpful Information.

With help from internal funding obtained in 2007, a small team at K-State began building a Web presence for Kansas EDEN at www.kseden.ksu.edu. We're still in the process of populating it with links to K-State Research and Extension publications and fact sheets, as well as links to state and federal agencies and the national EDEN site.

Information about national EDEN and its URL was submitted to the weekly online (internal) K-State Research and Extension newsletter “The Tuesday Letter.” Also via The Tuesday Letter, we solicited input from agents and specialists asking if they would like to be made aware when trainings, grant opportunities, etc. were made available.

On Oct. 22, 2008, the Kansas EDEN “team” gave a presentation at the K-State Research and Extension Annual Conference. The audience was updated on the Web effort (which had just gone “live” the week before). Attendees also heard the results of the survey that we conducted in 2007 regarding agents', specialists' and administrators' roles/perceptions about emergency preparedness and disaster recovery. Also, EDEN delegate Mary Knapp developed a poster that was displayed at the conference's poster session.

K-State's extension veterinarian, Larry Hollis, participated in the EDEN Agrosecurity Conference held May 21-22 in Denver.

The Kansas EDEN team has been asked to be represented on an Emergency Support Function 11 Network for Kansas being coordinated by a new homeland security specialist, based in the Kansas Dept. of Agriculture.

By the end of 2008, we will develop internal (K-State Research and Extension) distribution lists so that we can funnel information (grant and training opportunities, etc.) to appropriate agents, specialists and administrators. Twenty-three agents, specialists and administrators indicated an interest in receiving such information.

During 2008, we added two more delegates to EDEN. Those involved now include Mary Lou Peter-Blecha – communications specialist, Mary Knapp – state climatologist, Marcus Ashlock, assistant professor/Dept. of Communications and Vernon Turner, systems engineer.

Kentucky

Through funding received from the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) and the Extension Disaster Education Network (EDEN), Extension, veterinary, public health, and emergency response representatives were educated in preparedness for and response to terrorist and other public health and agricultural emergencies through face-to-face trainings. In addition, after attending trainings, several Extension Agents developed their own county programs for local clientele, which demonstrates that the ASPR -and EDEN-funded programs reached well beyond the initial contact with workshop attendees and will continue to have impact after project funding ceases. 641 participants attended disaster face-to-face programs presented by the Kentucky EDEN Team over the last year.

The EDEN Animal Agrosecurity and Emergency Management Course was launched earlier this year. Content was developed through collaborations with United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Veterinary Services; USDA Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES); Extension Disaster Education Network (EDEN); US Department of Homeland Security (DHS); Kentucky Division of Emergency Management; Kentucky Department of Agriculture; Kentucky Office of the State Veterinarian; Lexington-Fayette Urban County Government Community Emergency Response Team (CERT); and various land grant university partners. As a result of these collaborations, new partnerships were developed, and the relationships built through UK's educational programming continue today.

A new project currently in development (with other land grant university partners) includes the EDEN Strengthening Community Agrosecurity Planning (SCAP) project, which will enable local Extension personnel and other community partners to:

  • Build capacity to handle agriculture issues during an emergency or disaster
  • Improve networking among stakeholders who can plan for and respond to emergencies
  • Establish or enhance agrosecurity components within existing local emergency operations plans (EOPs)

Three years ago, the University of Kentucky developed StormReady® Supporter criteria for Cooperative Extension Service (CES) Offices for the National Weather Service. Since that time, 29 Kentucky CES Offices met those criteria, which represents well over one-third of all StormReady® Supporters across the nation (http://www.stormready.noaa.gov/supporters.htm).

Equipment purchased for the University of Kentucky Digital Consulting System (DCS) (with funding from ASPR) has provided an opportunity for a more efficient and rapid response to requests for identification of agricultural diseases and anomalies. Hundreds of samples over the last two years were submitted through the DCS. The equipment will continue to provide specialists the tools to diagnose patterns of disease much more quickly than traditional methods, thereby providing the opportunity to prevent widespread dissemination of new diseases.

A drought information page was created with resources for Extension Agents to help deal with the issues associated with the limited rainfall in Kentucky this year. The URL is: http://ces.ca.uky.edu/extension_regions/ResourcesforSite-CJ/Drought/INDEX.HTM

Courses developed for online dissemination continue to be maintained, updated, and offered to students. They are currently being moved over to a new learning management system (from CECP to Moodle) to facilitate a better learning environment and allow for more detailed tracking information about the participants.

Louisiana

In the third year after being hit by the (then) first and fourth worst disasters in the nation's history (hurricanes Katrina and Rita), Louisiana was visited by hurricanes Gustav and Ike. Gustav was most unusual in that it tracked due north thru the state, maintaining its hurricane status (high winds and heavy rains) well inland, devastating areas not usually impacted by such storms. Rainfall in Central and North LA approached 20 inches in 72 hours due to Gustav. Hurricane Ike is most associated with its impact in Texas , but delivered surge exceeding Rita levels to southwest Louisiana . Homes that had been restored were once again struck by one of these high-consequence, lower-probability events. In addition to the personal tragedy, such double-disasters renew questions about our hazard-prediction systems (flood insurance maps, for example), and complicate managing long-term disaster recovery and funding.

In response to each of these hurricanes our Ag & Natural Resource agents assessed wind and flood damage to crops (sugarcane, cotton, soybeans, corn, forage crops, hay, ornamentals, forestry, livestock, etc.)  Based on information gathered and compiled by LSU AgCenter economists, crop specialists, field agents and others, the mid-September estimates on the impact of hurricanes Gustav and Ike showed a total of $951 million in potential lost revenue and damage to infrastructure – farm equipment, docks, barns, processing facilities and so forth. The total includes up to $763 million in lost revenue to Louisiana farmers, ranchers, foresters and fishers in 2008 and as much as $175 million to $200 million in infrastructure damage.

Family and Consumer Science agents worked to help displaced families deal with the stresses of evacuation, especially the impact on children. Printed materials were distributed directly to families, many of whom had no Internet services or no electricity for weeks after the storms. Post-disaster, they helped people cope with power outages, clean up, flood damage, generator safety, chain saw safety, water quality, mold, storm repair, insurance claims, etc. We also reactivated the Rita and Katrina Recovery Task Forces creating a new LSU AgCenter Joint Hurricane Recovery Task Force which will serve the entire state.

Our mobile emergency communications unit was deployed for its first disaster in response to Gustav. It was used in Terrebonne Parish to help set up Internet and phone communication via satellite in the storm's hardest hit area, where it became the temporary Extension office for our Terrebonne, Lafourche and Assumption parish agents, whose facilities were damaged in the storm.

We were very well positioned to assist with the recovery of the built environment, thanks to a number of special funding sources. FCS, through last-year's USDA Special Needs funding, formed a Restoring Home Ownership Coalition involving USDA Rural Development, state homebuilders association, various funding agencies – very successful. This group contributed to revision of the homebuyer education curriculum, which is now being used in the affected parishes. Through its long, successful relationship with FEMA, LSU AgCenter/Extension obtained Katrina/Rita recovery funds to produce a series of builder trainings (for CEU), homeowner seminars and publications aimed specifically at strengthening homes during the building and/or rebuilding/repair of the structure – hurricane resistance and code compliance. We also stretched our capabilities by securing Department of Energy recovery funding and developed several programs dealing with energy, moisture and indoor air. These are all being put to good use in the recovery. The Louisiana House Home and Landscape Resource Center (LaHouse), which served the Katrina/Rita recovery for two years as an under-construction exhibit, was finished in June, 2008, and opened to the public as a finished home in July.

Our disaster recovery and mitigation unit (DRMU) is still working under a significant contract with the state (the Road Home program) to provide rebuilding resources to the Katrina/Rita recoverees, many of whom are now also Gustav/Ike recoverees. LSU AgCenter/Extension, with its University of New Orleans and Tulane City Center partners, provides the rebuilding web site, outreach activities, and a registry of licensed contractors that allows consumers and contractors to make their initial contact about a rebuilding project within the system. The rebuilding collaborative maintains a “Rebuilding Information Station” in New Orleans . The DRMU joined Louisiana VOAD, and participated in that capacity in staffing the state EOC. This group also participates in a NOAA initiative for assessing and improving community resilience.

The DRMU group will be heavily involved in the 4 th National Floodproofing Conference, for which the LSU AgCenter is a local collaborating party. It is also coordinating a community rebuilding and flood protection expo in conjunction with the national conference, to make the national expertise available to the local recovery area.

In Louisiana , the Cooperative Extension and Sea Grant Extension programs are closely aligned. Most agents and some specialists have joint appointments. For a brief period in 2007-2008, we had a storm surge modeler on the faculty who was able to produce surge-inundation models (and maps) for a “Hurricane-Rita-on-more-central-tracks” – to create the picture of what would happen if Rita had taken such a track. This program (called “The Next Storm Surge) was delivered four times in two south-central Louisiana parishes prior to the hurricanes. The DRMU group ties this information to a promotion of building higher and more wind resistant than building codes require. However, it is a boon to the local emergency manager, because it portrays so realistically the extent to which roads will be cut off and local hospitals and schools will be flooded by such events, and the fact that inundation is highly dependent on the precise location of the track, which cannot be predicted with certainty. Thus it supports the emergency manager's call for early evacuation. We believe this very popular program, which was built on a project to map sugarcane inundation losses in Hurricane Rita, saved lives in Hurricane Ike. Though we lost our modeler to the National Weather Service, we retain the GIS capability to use existing surge models and take this program to other coastal communities, localizing it.

In late development, the LSU AgCenter/Extension has entered into a contract, lead by University of New Orleans , to support the roll-out of new Flood Insurance Rate Maps. AgCenter/Extension will maintain a web-site with overlays of the new and old maps and details of scoping and adoption meetings. It will also provide a mobile computer lab and educators to help consumers find their properties on flood maps, as part of map roll-out open house events.

The LSU AgCenter “After the Storm” Team received the 2008 CSREES Partnership Award for Innovative Program Models for their Katrina/Rita response and recovery efforts.

Louisiana Sea Grant

  • In the initial period following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005 storms, the Communications Division of Louisiana Sea Grant Program (LSGP) developed a Hurricane Recovery Resources website. The site contained answers and information linkages to more than 100 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs), most of which pertained to fisheries-related issues. For these efforts, the LSGP received a 2006 APEX Award of Excellence for One-of-a-Kind Crisis and Emergency Communications.
  • In 2007, coastal extension agents of the LSGP were recipients of the Superior Outreach Award from the national Assembly of Sea Grant Extension Program Leaders (ASGEPL) for their response and continuing recovery work following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita.
  • LSGP agents worked with their counterparts in Alaska to arrange for the donation, shipment, and setup of a marine travel lift. This vessel-lifting device facilitated the emergency recovery and repair of hundreds of vessels at Empire, Louisiana , one the nation's most productive commercial fishing ports.
  • By procuring emergency donations from the private sector, LSGP agents were able to establish two large-capacity ice plants in the wake of the 2005 storms. These two plants provided the ice needs for commercial fishermen in Southwestern and Southeastern Louisiana during the initial months following the storms of 2005.
  • Louisiana Sea Grant was a forming-member and has provided the brunt of technical support the Louisiana Fisheries Community Recovery Coalition (LFCRC). This coalition of 25 commercial and recreational fishing organizations was established in January 2006 for the purpose of: 1) Developing objective economic assessments of damages to coastal Louisiana fisheries infrastructure from the 2005 hurricane season; 2) Securing state and federal disaster aid funding; and 3) Providing guidance on the appropriate allocation of disaster funding amongst coastal fisheries interests.
  • In the first year after the storms, LSGP specialists and field agents were the primary source for economic estimates of coastal fisheries infrastructure damages. Such estimates were cited by the LFCRC to obtain more than $150 million in recovery funding from Congress and the Louisiana Recovery Authority.
  • Through the innovate use of GIS, hydrodynamic modeling, and economic damage modeling; the LSGP has developed a more rapid and accurate method for assessing post-hurricane damages.
  • Extension personnel have provided fisheries infrastructure assessments which have been quantified and refined into broader-scope fisheries economic damage assessments. 
  • Louisiana Sea Grant, LSU AgCenter, and the Center for Natural Resource Economics & Policy provided estimates of the economic costs to fisheries in Louisiana from Hurricane Gustav.  According to the report, fisheries infrastructure suffered damages of an estimated $76 million with another $58 million in revenue loss.
  • GIS specialists with Sea Grant provided two coastal parishes with Hurricane Rita storm surge scenarios (neither parish was affected by Rita) prior to Gustav making landfall so the local government could prepare itself and its citizens. Both parishes were anticipating Rita-like flooding from Gustav.
  • LSG Extension personnel have aided in determining and verifying storm surge heights from both hurricanes.
  • Extension personnel continue to meet with local officials about recovery and replacing critical fisheries infrastructure.
  • LSG Legal is planning three hazard mitigation workshops to be held in October. Plans are to video record one of the workshops and make it available on the Web for on-demand viewing.
Copies of the Louisiana Coastal Hazard Mitigation Guidebook, on which the workshops are based, will be available at both meetings. The 250-page book – which examines issues from zoning and building siting to construction methods and legal issues – is free.

Michigan

Be Aware, Be Prepared is a collaborative effort among the State of Michigan, MSU Extension, and the agriculture industry to increase emergency awareness and preparedness among the farm community through development of documents, programs and events that tie into the State's larger emergency preparedness efforts.

The potential entanglement of animal agriculture in a disaster creates the need for training multiple disciplines within emergency response units. In April 2008, an all day workshop allowed participants to hear first-hand emergency accounts, discuss legal and ownership issues, comprehend proper euthanizing techniques plus experience handling and restraint procedures, learn first-aid methods, and construct temporary fencing for cattle, poultry, sheep, swine and horses. Emergency responders believe that the combination of animal information and actual hands-on activities develop their skills to deal effectively with a livestock emergency. MSUE is seeking additional funding to offer statewide training sites and expand the emergency responder resource notebook.

USDA animal security grant provides an opportunity for MSU Extension to share our Emergency Response training module with others and for us to benefit from Ohio State University's project, an Extension business continuity planning process.

Creating an animal health exhibition response plans for possible livestock disease outbreaks is a great idea; however, many are too overwhelmed with the task to even initiate the design process. MSU Extension constructed and implemented regional hands-on workshops to teach the specific components needed in a well written plan. A discussion guide, a template for writing the plan and appendices of information have supported the design of animal exhibition response plans across the State of Michigan with only one emergency response needing to be implemented this 2008 fair season.

PRV and CWD disease outbreaks consumed MSU Extension staff time. To protect Michigan's $230 M commercial swine industry; stop movement, quarantine and bio-security measures were implemented. MSUE staff played a pivotal role in addressing questions and concerns, disseminating educational information and working directly with our 14,000+ swine 4-H project members and the commercial swine industry.

Michigan's first Chronic Waste Disease was confirmed by the Department of Natural Resources. It is still unknown how the animal became infected. MSUE is actively conducting town hall meetings with DNR statewide, prior to the firearm deer hunting season, for the public to learn about the disease and to understand the state's response plan. This includes a ban on feeding and baiting deer in Michigan's Lower Peninsula.

Statewide Exercises tested Avian Influenza and Foot and Mouth response plans. Both scenarios allowed us evaluate our State's initial outbreak procedures. Plans are now underway to write a comprehensive response plan for the dairy industry.

Missouri

Exec Summary
The Community Emergency Management program provided direct support as communities and the state planned for, addressed and recovered from severe winter, spring and summer storms in 2007 and 2008 . With the help of program resources, residents, businesses and communities were empowered to make quick decisions and start the longer-term process of recovery. Residents responded more calmly and rationally to evacuation and better followed emergency procedures when severe flooding occurred along the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers in comparison to reactions during similar flooding in 1993. The program has been hailed as a model for other land-grant universities seeking to develop and provide disaster education and assistance plans.

Community Emergency Management Program
In the last two years Missouri has had 14 major Presidential disaster declarations, more than any other state during the period. Missouri now ranks 8 th as the most disaster prone state in the last 50 years. MU Extension has responded to urgent needs of communities and citizens in each of these events but has created its Community Emergency Management Program to support federal, state and local efforts using only internal financial resources.

Currently Missouri has multiple active disaster declarations all just within the last 7 months with 4 declarations since March. Severe hail, windstorms, tornadoes, ice storms and flooding resulted in eight presidential disaster declarations and one emergency declaration for the state of Missouri, September 2007-June 2008, on which MU Extension assisted during FY08: Of most concern relative to agriculture have been two wide scale flooding events that have affected multiple counties, homes and farmsteads all across Missouri.

Missourians also must be prepared for the possibility of terrorist or seismic disasters. The key to addressing current and potential disasters is to integrate multidisciplinary research and education into a coordinated response that includes collaboration with local, state and federal partners. This coordinated effort must include a well-designed infrastructure and delivery system. University of Missouri Extension, through its Community Emergency Management Program (CEMP), provides education and resources to address the needs of devastated communities to ensure safety and quality of life.

The University of Missouri Community Emergency Management Program team consists of a state team coordinator and eight interdisciplinary regional teams operating across the state now totalling over 80 employees. I n partnership with the State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA) and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the CEMP provided direct support to communities and the state as they planned for, addressed and recovered from disasters. CEMP was also the primary partner in developing Community Organizations Active in Disaster (COAD), a coalition of locally based disaster preparedness and recovery organizations. Together, they coordinated local recovery efforts in conjunction with SEMA/FEMA and non-profit relief agencies and religious response organizations. CEMP team members worked directly with SEMA and FEMA in Disaster Recovery Centers (DRCs) to provide research-based information to those in affected areas.

Example: After widespread flooding MU Extension faculty and CEMP team members developed and distributed critical information for flooded homes, businesses and farms. This information was shared with state agencies, volunteer agencies and federal agencies so it could be distributed to the thousands of affected home owners, renters, businesses and farmers.

The state CEMP coordinator reviewed existing disaster information materials for accuracy and research-based content and coordinated efforts of the local CEMP teams in the affected areas. The local CEMP teams supplied an agricultural disaster assessment and worked tirelessly to meet the needs of victims and disaster workers. Extension specialists on the CEMP team provided information packets to service providers and individuals on such topics as food safety, drinking water purification, chain saw safety, consumer fraud, landscape recovery, livestock care, tax consequences of the storm and mental health issues. Information was distributed via Extension news articles to print and broadcast media; via radio, TV and newspaper interviews, and via guide sheets and bulletins on the Web.

Regional CEMP teams played key roles in providing Community Emergency Response Team (Citizen Corps-CERT) training to citizen volunteers to teach them how to support local government disaster operations. They distributed educational materials and provided training to daycare facilities, businesses, educational institutions and other audiences on disaster planning, response, recovery and mitigation strategies.

Through the CEMP, children, families 4H, FHA and agriculture producers are learning food safety and agro-security measures. MU Extension was able to leverage funds from the regional homeland security committee and hire a full time FTE Agriculture Preparedness Specialist whose job it is to promote preparedness measures in the general populace as well as in the private agricultural sector. Additionally the program includes agriculture disaster response preparedness and direct links with private companies, Missouri Department of Agriculture and USDA regional officials. Efforts include presentations to school programs and clubs, grower and livestock associations, fairs and other public venues. Although focused on agricultural preparedness, this position also works hard to promote all-hazard preparedness and has responded to multiple events including a massive region-wide ice storm and power outage.

Outcomes to date and critical impacts
The Community Emergency Management Program has been in operation for six years and has resulted in:

  • A model for other land-grant universities as they seek to provide disaster education and assistance
  • Stronger networks and resource coordination of services providing assistance to those affected by disasters
  • Clear p rocedures for readiness and response within extension offices, communities, businesses and organizations
  • Development of a new communication and sharing system
  • Enhanced capacity for local leadership, decision-making and action during disasters
  • A program to be used with Spanish speakers, residents with low socio-economic status, those with disabilities, the elderly and others who may be at a disadvantage during a disaster
  • Education for professionals from key agencies, such as the State Emergency Management Agency, State Fire Marshal, State Department of Agriculture, local elected officials, police, fire, health, public works, transportation and emergency management
  • Just last year alone, 134 programs were conducted by regional faculty involving 1250 hours of direct contact time for 1950 individual contacts reaching 3,530 persons. This total does not include any disaster assistance contacts which are in the thousands.
  • Residents and institutions that are better prepared to manage their finances after a disaster
  • Residents who have strategies and techniques for getting their homes repaired after a disaster
  • Residents and institutions that use techniques to avoid unsafe water and carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Residents who are able to protect themselves from physical injury following a disaster.
  • A very strong web presence with thousands of visits per year where individuals can learn about disaster preparedness and recovery actions that even include proper coughing/sneezing techniques and how to make a home more resilient to the potential effects of earthquakes

Mississippi

Mississippi State University's Extension Service is involved in educating, training, networking and providing resources for individuals and agencies involved in disaster response. MSU-ES has a seat at the table in disaster simulations and real events, specifically at Emergency Support Function 11, which addresses animals, agriculture and natural resources. Additionally, MSU-ES plays an integral role at ESF 6, which addresses human sheltering and food distribution needs.

Educating
Extension specialists and MSU agricultural communicators developed much of the disaster information on the MSU-ES website following Hurricane Katrina in 2005. This year, the educational material on that site went through an extensive makeover – improving, removing and updating where needed. Extension agents and media outlets were directed to retrieve information on a timely basis as threats, such as hurricanes, approached the state. The information is easily found using the search button on the home page, http://MSUcares.com, or by going to the primary site for disaster information at http://msucares.com/disaster/

Training
MSU Extension Service's Center for Governmental Technology is the Incident Command System, or ICS, training arm for Mississippi. As such, the center conducted more than two dozen ICS training sessions for Extension employees and other agencies in 2008. More than 800 people were certified at the 100-200 ICS level, 150 were trained at the more advanced 300-400 level, and 145 were trained at the 700-800 ICS level.

Networking
Disaster simulation exercises enable MSU-ES to establish relationships with other federal and state agencies that respond to major emergencies. Coordinated by the Mississippi State Department of Health and the Mississippi Emergency Management Agency, MSU-ES joined other state agencies in disaster response simulations including two for avian influenza, one for a radiological (nuclear) emergency, one for plant protection and two for hurricanes.

During the official activation for Hurricane Gustav, MSU-ES assessment strike teams and work relief teams for agriculture and human response were activated. Human response teams are comprised of all Extension Family and Consumer Science agents, Family Nutrition Program representatives and EFNEP agents. Agriculture teams are made up of livestock, wildlife, agronomy and other ag-related Extension fields. Also in 2008, MSU-ES was involved in planning and developing the program for the Governor's Conference on Disaster Preparedness, which involved representatives from all response agencies.

MSU-ES involvement in natural and manmade hazards is to support the Mississippi Board of Animal Health, the Department of Human Services, and the Mississippi State Health Department. Our assessment teams deploy to affected areas and assess the damage, then the work relief teams take part in the recovery efforts.

Providing resources
MSU-ES partnered with the Mississippi Analysis and Information Center, the Mississippi Office of Homeland Security and the Mississippi Emergency Management Agency to distribute 649 desktops and laptops to emergency management agencies, law enforcement offices, fire departments, municipal and county government agencies and schools. Many emergency management agencies in smaller communities lacked adequate computers.

The computers became available after the Extension's statewide network was extensively upgraded. The donation was designed to give agencies additional communication tools to respond to criminal activities, natural disasters and emergencies.

Montana

Pre-Disaster Mitigation Plan for Montana University System. In partnership with the Montana Office of the Commissioner of Higher Education and Tetra Tech, MT EDEN developed pre-disaster mitigation plans for eight campus of the Montana University System. The two-year initiative (ending Sept. 2008) was funded with $354,000 from FEMA.

Governor's Emergency Response Commission. To represent the Montana University System, Dr. Michael Vogel, was re-appointed to a 3-year, 28-member, MT Emergency Response Commission.

POD and Survivor Challenge. Chouteau County Extension (Linda Williams – Agent), Emergency Management and Public Health teamed up to conduct an extensive three-day full scale exercise with emphasis on public participation and family preparedness. The exercise was an overwhelming success with over 400 participants (out of a community population of 1,500) and consisted of three separate aspects: “Point of Dispensing” (POD) activation; “Survivor Challenge” including evacuation, sheltering, decontamination and public preparedness activities; and hospital surge capacity. Youth and the newly established faith-based network were actively involved. A pre-survey of exercise participants indicated that 76% of them had never been involved in an exercise prior to this.

EDEN Outreach. 1. Prepared 3 articles for the MT Small Landowner Journal – dealing wildfire risk prevention, winter emergency preparedness and

2. Aired “wildfire preparedness” 30-second television PSA with Governor Brian Schweitzer during 2008 summer. 3. Distributed statewide publication, “A Citizen's Guide to Basic Evacuation Procedures”.

Agricultural Security. During 2008 MT EDEN joined the MT Ag Emerg. Prep. Committee. AEPC funded MT EDEN to conduct outreach on community preparedness dealing the Agriculture. During 2008 State and county staff promoted and participated in 15 workshops related to Ag biosecurity. For MT EDEN Tommy Bass leads the Ag security initiatives. Mr. Bass is also serving on the SCAP project with EDEN delegates and other Extension Professionals from KY, NM, TX, TN and UT.

New Hampshire

July – Tornado
A rare tornado tore through nine New Hampshire towns the end of July. The tornado and high winds created a 40 mile path of destruction, approximately a half mile wide, that destroyed homes, displaced families, downed trees and forest lands and closed major state roadways. The impact to residents was extensive, with over 100 homes rendered uninhabitable and an estimated 8,400 acres of woodlots destroyed. With communities needing reliable information following the event, Extension's Emergency Management and Forestry and Wildlife team led by Karen Bennett, organized quickly and worked closely with state agencies including Homeland Security and the Division of Forests and Lands to coordinate response efforts and information dissemination.

Communications and IT staff set up a storm damage web page an hour after the tornado touched down. The page was updated several times per day following the storm. County Forest Resources educators went door-to-door, answering questions about debris cleanup. Extension organized five meetings throughout the storm affected areas to bring community members together in one place to disseminate information and answer questions. A wide range of questions were answered by Extension educators as well as state officials from the Division of Forests and Lands, Department of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, Department of Revenue, and the NH Insurance Department.

August – Floods
In August, southern New Hampshire experienced its third “100-year flood” in three years. Because these “100-year floods” seem to be occurring every year, Extension was well prepared to help NH residents before the water rose and after it receded. Once again, Communications and IT staff compiled flood web resources as the national weather service predicted the possibility of extensive flooding. The resources included links to current weather condition sites, FEMA and other government agencies, the Red Cross, Extension information regarding safety and recovery issues and of course EDEN .

Winter – Heating with Wood Safely
Many would consider the current economy and price of fuel to be a disaster. Because many New Hampshire residents are planning to heat their homes this winter with wood, UNH Cooperative Extension has developed a comprehensive set of web resources for families. These resources include: Assessing your home for wood heat; your wood supply; Buying, installing and maintaining a woodstove; Outdoor wood boilers; Safe efficient wood burning; and Ash management.

New Mexico

  • Center is partnership between College of Agriculture and Home Economics, Cooperative Extension Service, and New Mexico Department of Agriculture.
  • Received $4,183,000 in grants and contracts.
  • Center organized June, 2006. Worked in this area since 2003.
  • Responsible for all agriculture training, exercises, and equipment for responders and detectors of agriculture emergencies.
  • Work in partnership with Louisiana State University, University of Tennessee, UC Davis, University of Minnesota, Purdue, University of Kentucky, FBI, US Attorneys, Joint Terrorism Task Force, Anti Terrorism Action Committee, New Mexico Association of Counties, New Mexico Department of Health, New Mexico Livestock Board, New Mexico Sheriff’s and Police Association, New Mexico Department of Homeland Security, United States Department of Agriculture, New Mexico State Police, and others to complete our contracts.
  • Work in partnership with producer and commodity organizations including Ag in the Classroom, New Mexico Farm Bureau, NM Cattle Growers, Dairy Producers of NM, NM Wool Growers, NM Cowbelles, Chile, Onion, Hay, Cotton Growers and others to deliver programs.
  • Developed Agroguard Program which is neighborhood watch for Agriculture.
  • Distributed response kits consisting of necessary tools to respond to an emergency to each county extension office, each agriculture science center, NMDA personnel, and Livestock Inspectors.
  • Deployed three response trailers to various parts of NM to be used in an emergency situation.
  • Started the NM Agriculture Livestock Response Team program consisting of 25 large animal veterinarians.
  • Started Avian Influenza response teams composed of extension agents, NMDA personnel, Livestock Board, Game and Fish, and NM Department of Health in four areas of state. NMSU developed and maintains the NM Bird flu Website.
  • Trained 50,000 New Mexicans in agriculture and food security from February 1, 2008 until June 30, 2008 by mobilizing entire Extension system in the state.
  • Distributed response kits to each 4-H and FFA livestock exhibitor family by August 2008. Approximately 4,000.
  • Will distribute 25,000 family response kits to school children in fall 2008.
  • Distributed livestock response kits to each 4-H agent and vocational agriculture teacher by August, 2008. Approximately 400.
  • Distributed 400,000 newspaper inserts in NM newspapers entitled Your Food Supply: Keeping it Safe and Secure .
  • Developed 3 DHS certified training courses in partnership with other universities which are taught nationwide.
  • Developing a national model for Extension to use to help counties develop agriculture preparedness plans. USDA, Purdue, EDEN, University of Kentucky and NMSU cooperating. Will pilot in 11 states by May 2009.
  • Conducted several agricultural exercises including two Border Governors Exercises with 4 US and 6 Mexican states.
  • Trained 27 counties to develop a county agriculture emergency annex to their all hazards plan. Conducted two area wide exercises to allow 14 counties to exercise their plan in a tabletop setting.

New York

There were no major disasters in New York during the past year, although several severe thunderstorms occurred resulting in local flooding which EDEN, working with Extension Educators, responded to by providing recovery information for the media and the public.

Preparedness and Training
Three regional workshops were conducted to assist Executive Directors in developing emergency plans for their associations which are now an integral part of their accreditation review process. A new template, based on the Ready Business materials, was well-accepted and 47 of the 57 CCE Associations now have a plan in place or in-development. Training opportunities for personal preparedness included CCE staff in two counties, a municipal clerk's institute and a county's sewer/water district personnel. Also, 21 4-H youth attending a teen leadership weekend participated in a modified table top exercise involving an opportunity to develop decision-making skills.

Special Projects
I am pleased to provide the following examples of Cornell Cooperative Extension becoming more involved in county emergency management efforts:

  • 4-H youth from one county on Long Island partnered with the SPCA to develop and implement a pet preparedness public education effort. This project was the direct result of a community workshop sponsored by ESART (Empire State Animal Response Team).
  • An upstate, urban county CCE Association received a two-year grant from Emergency Management (DHS funds) to develop and implement an emergency preparedness program for at-risk populations within the county. This project plans to involve county agencies and faith-based groups to assist in reaching the targeted population and currently is surveying agency staff to determine interest.
  • An agricultural educator approached the county emergency manager about establishing a county animal/agricultural response team. Though the process has been slow, the team now is supported by the county legislature and involves several local government departments as well as community volunteers. This serves as a model for other Extension staff to be more involved in county emergency management efforts.
  • The Youth Community Action statewide program work team has taken on the responsibility to develop/implement the “R U RDY” project which engages youth in community emergency management. To date, a promotional display and brochures have been developed and a leadership team of youth and adults has been formed and will be meeting in November to move forward with developing project ideas and a tool kit for implementation. I appreciate the support of the EDEN Youth Committee efforts headed by Howard van Dijk in making this a reality in New York.

Networking
As POC, I continue to network with State Emergency Management by providing overviews of how Extension can assist in preparedness and recovery efforts. These have resulted in more Executive Directors being asked to be part of LEPCs and/or emergency management teams. I also represent Extension on the ESART steering committee and on the University pandemic communications committee. Finally, three new EDEN delegates have been added representing NY Sea Grant and the Dept. of Design and Environmental Analysis, College of Human Ecology.

North Dakota

Drought
Western North Dakota suffered extreme drought through the growing season. Conference calls were held every other week with specialists and agents in Agriculture and Natural Resources, and Family and Consumer Sciences to share information, and plan resources and programming. Through meetings, news releases and Web articles at www.ag.ndsu.edu/disaster/drought.html, Extension provided information to those affected.

Beyond Borders Regional Animal Agrosecurity Conference
The June 4-6 regional animal agrosecurity conference hosted in Fargo by the NDSU Extension Service focused on two questions:

  • Are the United States and Canada prepared for an animal agrosecurity incident involving the U.S. Canadian border?
  • What roles do those in the agricultural, food and health industries, as well as emergency services and law enforcement, have in animal agrosecurity?

Nearly 200 participants from 16 states and four provinces shared and learned about issues on both sides of the border. Videos of the presentations are www.EDEN.lsu.edu/AASFargo. Charlie Stoltenow served as conference chair and Lisa Pederson as coordinator.

Electronic Media to Add Value to “Ready Business” Training
NDSU received an $18,000 CSREES Special Needs grant to develop a marketing video to promote businesses taking Ready Business training, update the EDEN Ready Business curriculum, and add a narrated version for individual online learning. The project should be available to EDEN in Spring 2009.

eXtension
NDSU continued to provide leadership with EDEN Communities of Practice with Ken Hellevang leading the flooding team and Charlie Stoltenow the agrosecurity team.

Education and Collaboration
The NDSU Extension Service disaster education Web site at www.ag.ndsu.edu/disaster/ is regularly reviewed and updated.

Extension had a display with resources at the campus preparedness expo organized by the Emergency Management Student Association.

Ohio

Weather Related Emergency Response
Ohio was impacted by several large-scale weather emergencies in different areas of the state throughout the past year. During these times of natural disaster, county Extension offices served Ohio citizens with weather specific information for the emergency they faced. Field staff distributed emergency planning and cleanup information via radio programs, individual phone calls, and factsheet materials given out at the local disaster center with Red Cross cleaning kits. Many Ohio Extension Educators serve on their Local Emergency Planning Commissions (LEPC) and are able to provide timely information in a diverse network of distribution patterns.

Specifically for forage deficient areas, OSUE Educators lead county-based workshops for livestock producers. Topics include forage management, assistance with herd culling, and roughage replacement/economical feed solutions. In addition to the workshops, print media and newsletters share similar information to the public.

OSU Extension is a full member of the Governor's State Emergency Board. This board is responsible for acting on Loss Assessment Reports submitted by the Farm Service Agency county offices. The Governor's office is responsible for making the request for a Secretarial Designation for the disaster event to the Secretary of Agriculture.

Radiation Response at Commercial Nuclear Power PlantsOSU Extension is a full member to the Ohio's Emergency Management Agency (EMA) Response Plan for nuclear power plants, of which Ohio is impacted by three sites. Besides standard annual meetings with plant operation managers and EMA personnel, OSUE personnel at state and local levels participated in a 2008 graded FEMA exercise for the Perry plant.

University Crisis Team
The OSU Crisis Management Team consists of representatives from the college office, university public safety office, university IT services, communication and technology, branch campuses and research stations, and the OSU Extension safety group. The team has been operational for two years, and is making great strides in campus disaster planning. It is supported by the college Dean and has received Smith-Lever Special Needs Funding to implement business continuity plans in all county and regional offices.

Business Continuity Plans
OSU county Extension offices have undergone BCP training and are working to complete Phase 1 of their emergency plans. Phase 1 focuses on the first 4-hours post emergency or disaster; the components include: 1) developing a call tree, 2) identifying an assembly point as well as appropriate alternate business location for extended displacement, and 3) establishing office emergency response teams and their roles during an event. A Web-based commercial software program maintains each Extension office's plan, and requires updates at 180-day intervals. County Commissioners received an update of the BCP process, and were identified as key stakeholders in the decisions made during a local emergency event.

Other Activities:
Agri-security and Natural Disaster Planning presentations were developed for Extension field staff to present to their clients. The Power Point presentations are taught around the state to agricultural businesses and producers.

As a part of their 4-H camp counselor orientation, over 2,000 4-H teens receive emergency/disaster planning training to prepare them for emergency situations they could potentially face as 4-H camp counselors.

County Extension committees and fair boards review their emergency plans in the event severe weather is a factor during their county fair. This action is a result from 2006, when a string of tornados and severe summer storms unexpectedly called for rapid sheltering and evacuation of public grounds.

Animal Disease Incident Plans have been developed for state use. Local emergency boards are now adapting their response protocols to pattern the state procedures. OSUE county agricultural educators are working with their local boards to accomplish this goal.

Oregon

Coastal Catastrophic Hazards
The education about catastrophic hazards on the coast includes preparation for earthquakes and tsunamis. Program activities also include engaging local emergency managers, agency staff, and elected leaders with OSU faculty working on earthquake and tsunami science; extending research based information to aid in community hazards planning, and conducting educational events and workshops on tsunami preparedness. (EDEN objective 1.1)

More information: Pat Corcoran ( patrick.corcoran@oregonstate.edu )

http://extension.oregonstate.edu/clatsop/staff/coastalhazards.php

Alert Evacuate and Shelter Training for Youth
Youth are involved in national Emergency Preparedness and Response Activities through GIS/GPS activities and 4-H Teen Community Emergency Response Teams (CERT). A disaster exercise and CERT training included 28 youth in Oregon. (EDEN objective 1.2)

More information: Lynette Black ( lynette.black@oregonstate.edu )

Plant Pest and Disease Clinic
With new tools in the lab, they will be looking for a few very specific pathogens, those that do not occur naturally and can cause devastating diseases to food crops. These may be foreign diseases for which the main food crops have no immunity, no control measures exist , or particularly virulent strains that can spread rapidly through the food supply. Specially trained field faculty and Master Gardeners serve on the first detector team. (EDEN objective 1.1, 3.2)

More information: putnamm@science.oregonstate.edu

Oregon Bio-Security Education and Demonstration Program ( Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV) management)
This virus causes insurmountable economic loss throughout the U.S., and has driven the industry to adopt premium payments of $0.04 per pound for calves sold as BVDV persistently infected (PI) free . This creates an opportunity to educate ranchers about biosecurity practices, using BVDV as a model. Biosecurity plans begin with assessment and include vaccination protocols, isolation of new or infectious animals, traffic control, sanitation and disposal of potentially contaminated materials. (EDEN objective 1.1)

More information: barbi.riggs@oregonstate.edu

Wildfire Management
Fire Resistant Plant Guide: Fire-resistant Plants for Home Landscapes (PNW 590), was published through Extension and Experiment Station Communications (EESC). The publication appears on EESC's website. From September 2006 through August 2007, the publication received nearly 14,000 web hits. (EDEN objective 1.1)

Outcomes from
2006 Workshop on Evaluating Methods to Predict and Assess Tree Injury from Wildfire: A workshop brought together leading scientists in the fields of fire ecology and tree physiology to discuss what we know and do not know and a publication was produced, Perpetuating Old-Growth Ponderosa Pine. (EDEN objective 1.1)

More information: Stephen.fitzgerald@oregonstate.edu and Amyjo.Detweiler@oregonstate.edu

Drought Impact and Financial Assistance, Eastern Oregon
A thorough investigation was conducted into drought impacts in the region. A paper, Northeastern Oregon's Preliminary Drought Impact Statement was prepared and distributed to regional county commissioners, the governor, and the congressional delegation. As a result the five county region area was declared a disaster, opening the doors for Federal funds for livestock producers. (EDEN objective 1.3)

Grasshopper Infestation
The scientific literature was reviewed and combined with local sampling of grasshopper infestation levels determined that there were multimillion dollar losses likely. This research based damage assessment provided the basis for assistance to private land owners in Eastern Oregon the following year. (EDEN objective 1.3)

More information: cory.parsons@oregonstate.edu

Pennsylvania

Established an Agriculture committee in Regional Task Force regions sponsoring multiple Food and Ag Sector trainings

READY BUSINESS presented to: National Crane and Hoist Conference, American Industrial Hygiene Association, Central PA Safety Association, Small Business Development Centers at Penn State, Bucknell University, and Duquesne University.

Disaster and Pandemic Planning presented to: Rainbow Connection, adult special services, Raystown Developmental Agency, and MHMR special services unit.

“Risks and Threats to the Food and Agriculture Sector” presented to the PA Pesticide Advisory Board and to the Northeast University Farm Managers Conference.

Penn State Extension In-Service to Youth Educators on Disaster Kits and Emergency Communication Plans, and In-service to Extension Educators in Consumer and Family Science on food safety educational resources for extension programming. Provided display and handouts for building Disaster Kits and Emergency Communication Plans at College's Annual AG Progress Days.

State Extension participant in September National Preparedness Month Activities with EDEN resources

National Launch for eXtension for EDEN COP's in Agrosecurity and Flooding, Arlington VA, Ag Outlook Forum

Extension and EDEN representation at USDA-APHIS regional full-scale exercise for Emerald Ash Borer

Extension and EDEN representation and participation on PA FBI Agriculture Working Group

Developed and delivered Ready PA; Disaster and Defense Preparedness for Pennsylvania's Special Populations . A Train-the-trainer and direct delivery curriculum. A two-year funded project with PA Health from CDC funding

Coordinated a CSREES funded project ReadyAg, Disaster and Defense Preparedness for Production Agriculture with Ellen Abend, NY; Rick vanVranken, NJ; Glenn Rogers, VT; Julie Smith, VT; Pam King, MD; and Ken Kephart, PA. Funded for second year to expand to include David Lalman, OK; Derrell Peel, OK; and Emerson Nafziger, IL. Promotional presented at the United States Animal Health Association meeting in NC.

Coordinated and facilitated work session with DHS and representatives of ag industry and commodity groups on the Chemical Facilities Anti-Terrorism Standards. (CFATS)

Facilitated discussions between FEMA; state, national, and local ag agencies; and national ag industries for the re-write of the National Target Capabilities List (TCL) for Animal Disease Response with Subject Matter Experts (SME's) in Atlanta, Washington DC, and St Louis.

Participated and presented in Regional EDEN Animal Agrosecurity Conferences in NE, SE, and Midwest

South Carolina

Clemson University hosted the EDEN Southeastern Regional Animal Agrosecurity conference with extension and veterinary representatives from 12 states. These 140 participants learned of the threats to agriculture and the livestock industry, received educational resource materials, and discussed approaches to preventing and responding to an agrosecurity or foreign animal disease (FAD) outbreak within and across state lines.

SC Preparedness – Ext. agents organized 20 Biosecurity and FAD Awareness classes to 940 poultry, swine, dairy and beef cattle producers in 12 counties. Extension Livestock & Poultry Health Disease Response members participated in SC High-Path Avian Influenza Agriculture & Public Health Exercise and SC National Veterinary Stockpile Exercise.  These trainings focused on the activities during a HPAI poultry outbreak (initial case response, poultry/people monitoring, poultry depopulation, appraisal procedures and poultry product recall); exercised the draft HPAI state plans for the response roles of the poultry industry and state and federal agencies; and received, stored and staged the National Veterinary Stockpile which contains supplies, animal vaccines and connections to contractors to assist with animal depopulation, disposal, and decontamination activities to help SC respond to a serious animal disease outbreak.  Agents assist with the County Agriculture Response Team (CART) and serve on planning committees. A strong emphasis is placed with livestock producers to participate in the National Animal ID System – NAIS. Education and training on protecting the food supply is coordinated through the SC Ag-Watch program which is a collaborative effort between the Clemson Ext. Service, Regulatory and Public Service Programs, Livestock & Poultry Health Div., and the Dept. of Ag.

Clemson Regulatory and Public Service Programs (RPSP) conducted a functional exercise using the mobile laboratory purchased through an earlier DHS grant.  Inspectors and laboratory personnel prepared plant samples and conducted ELISA tests for Phytophthora ramorum in the mobile lab.  In addition, DNA was extracted from plant tissue for PCR analysis in the stationary lab in preparation for future exercises in the mobile lab.  RPSP participated in a tabletop satellite exercise in a USDA full-scale exercise for emerald ash borer.

Ext. agents participated in the SC-EM full scale exercise and SERT members responded for tropical storm activations at SC-EMD. Ext. agents participated in the Catawba fixed nuclear facility ingestion pathway exercise, and agents assisted in preparation of the Department of Homeland Security Agriculture Risk Assessment. A “Preparing Families and Youth for Disasters” training was conducted for 60+ 4-H agents, FCS agents and EFNEP Para-professionals who are now using this information with citizens in the state. Disaster Resilient Communities, an EDEN CoP, is being organized.

SC Response – SC is facing a new invasive weed, cogongrass- Imperata cylindrical which is considered to be one of the top ten worst weeds across the world. Cogongrass is an aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that becomes the dominant species, is unpalatable to livestock and is a fire hazard. The plant has been found in several counties in SC so a state wide search was conducted to locate new infestations. Ext. agents participated in the survey and conducted training for livestock and forage producers. Through this aggressive approach several new patches were located and destroyed. The Southeast experienced a severe drought this year with SC avoiding most of the disastrous hurricanes which could have provided needed rainfall. Ext. n agents responded to the drought on a local level and through the media.  High feed prices are a severe drain on livestock profitability. Corn sampling for aflatoxin with education is ongoing.

Clemson U. has an emergency preparedness website www.clemson.edu/ep/ under the PSA link.

Howard van Dijk, Ph.D. – hdijk@clemson.edu

The EDEN website is regularly shared with Extension field staff during times of disaster. Many staff recognize the value of this information and are increasing their use in accessing it.

South Dakota

The South Dakota State University Cooperative Extension Service was involved in a number of disaster and preparedness activities in 2008:

  1. West Nile Virus – SDSU in conjunction with the South Dakota Department
    Health (SDDOH), South Dakota Department of Agriculture, and North Dakota State University hosted a West Nile/Mosquito Control Conference March 2008. The conference was held in Aberdeen, home of the county that has led the nation in the incidence rate of West Nile Virus. Research data was shared with decision makers and mosquito control officers to aid them in managing resources for effective control of the Culex tarsalis mosquito. Culex tarsalis is the major carrier of West Nile Virus in South Dakota.

    Below is the risk reduction chart developed by SDSU and the SD DOH and is based on five years of research data.


    This chart has helped communities with limited resources, to target (peak risk season mid-July through August) their control programs to reduce the populations of Culex tarsalis and thus reduce the risk of WNV. Additional SDSU research indicates the Culex tarsalis mosquito is most active late evening into the early hours of the morning. Knowing peak risk season for transmission and peak “flying” times for the Culex tarsalis, communities adapted their control programs to achieve the maximum reduction of Culex tarsalis that was practical, given their available resources (labor, equipment and money).

    Wet weather and flooding late spring/early summer raised concern that we would have another severe West Nile Virus Season. However, using Dr. Todey's climate information, Drs. Hildreth, Catangui and Wilson felt confident the cool spring weather would stifle Culex tarsalis numbers and this proved to be the case throughout the summer. Culex tarsalis numbers never did gain a foothold and thus we had one of the mildest WNV seasons since the first case was detected in 2002.

    As in previous years we held weekly conference calls with community control folks and also continued to distribute our WNV educational materials to school children, at state parks and as part of Save Our Farm Youth programming.

  2. Five thousand copies of EDEN's, First Steps to Flood Recovery were purchased and distributed to all county offices and all emergency management offices throughout the state. The publications were used by county field staff to respond to flooding in the early part of the summer.
  3. SDSU CES developed the educational campaign for the Brookings Pandemic Preparedness Coordination Committee. The campaign was launched to coincide with September, National Preparedness month. The campaign was built around the theme of ARE YOU READY? And the South Dakota Department of Health Bready campaign. Specific activities:
    1. Ad was developed for page 2 of the Brookings Phone Book.
    2. Buzz Bee ready coloring sheets were distributed to all K-2 children in the Brookings and Elkton School Districts.
    3. ARE YOU READY? Word Search was distributed to all 3-5 th graders in the Brookings and Elkton School Districts.
    4. The No Ordinary Flu Book developed by the Seattle and King Counties was distributed to all Middle School and High School youth in the Brookings School District.
    5. All children received a copy of the ARE YOU READY ad that was placed in the phone book – this ad lists websites to help individuals and families prepare for disaster.
    6. The 6-12 graders in the Brookings School District are competed for cash prizes in an essay contest – ARE YOU READY? Prizes were awarded in late October 2008.

We will follow-up with the schools to measure impact of the awareness campaign.

Texas

Texas Cooperative Extension officially became Texas AgriLife Extension Service January 1, 2008.

Texas EDEN web site was redesigned and expanded. http://texashelp.tamu.edu Developed a hot topics BLOG and a RSS feed to those who register for the service. Blog automatically feeds to each of the AgriLife Extension county web sites. 45,000 unique visits in 9 months of 2008.

7 Incident Resource Teams organized and working to get publications on the EDEN site. The following is the team name and # of publications posted to date: All Hazards affecting households, family & youth – 33; Severe Weather – 14; Drought- 68; Wildfires – 7; Animal Disease Issues – 42; Hazardous Ag. Materials – 7; Food, Fiber & Forestry – 7

AgriLife Extension Activitation : Extension activated each time State Operations Center (Governor's Division of Emergency Management) activitated. January – Wildfires, July – Hurricane Dolly, August – Eduard, August – Hurricane Gustauv, September – Hurricane Ike [Activation includes Headquarters Operations Center (HOC), and Specific Incident Resource Teams (IRT) ] IKE = 700,000 individual assistance applicants, $202 million spent on temporary public housing; Wildfires - $1.4 million acres burned, 2,200 homes saved, 200 homes lost. To view the Texas AgriLife Extension Service Situation Reports go to http://www.txdps.state.tx.us/dem/sitrepindex.htm and scroll down to AgriLife.

Hurricane Dolly: Category 2 hurricane; Primary impact was near South Padre Island, South Texas, Lower Rio Grande Valley. 3 counties in Disaster Declaration, power loss for 7-10 days; Educational recovery publications delivered, 12,500 Spanish, 45,000 English; 20 CEAs established benchmarks on 2008 crop harvest prior to Dolly in preparation for post Dolly agricultural disaster assessment by USDA; 3 CEAs activated to support the CEMC with animal care and shelter actions; 45 CEAs assisted with damage assessment; Joint DSHS Extension press releases relating to mosquito control efforts in the Rio Grande Valley distributed

Hurricane IKE: Category 2 hurricane; direct hit on Galveston Island; up to 20 ft. surge impacted 6 counties; county Emergency Operation Centers activated 150 CEAs in 74 counties for recovery, sheltering, and public information; power loss for over 3 million Texans for 1-3 weeks; Extension pre-positioned 47,000 recovery publications in 4 targeted counties; Extension stood-up a livestock and horse resource staging area to support 15,000 cattle and 100 horses in the 100 mi. wide, 20 mi. inland surge zone area; Texas EDEN web site updated daily with hot topic information that was sent out to each county office. See the SITREPS above and the Texas EDEN web site for details (http://texashelp.tamu.edu)

EMSC: TCE and PVAMU-CEP joint Emergency Management Steering Committee continues leadership of Texas Extension EM- April 9-10, 2008

AIC: Local CEA-Ag have worked with local Emergency Management Coordinators/County Judges to facilitate the development of Animal Issues Committees and Plans in each county.

CASHN: Texas hosts County Animal Security and Health Network pilot project at the American Airlines Training Center in Ft. Worth for a cooperative effort engaging 72 county, regional and tribal Extension educators, 6 state veterinarians, and 18 Extension Program Leaders from the 1890, 1994, and 1862 land-grant Extension programs in AR, KY, MT, NC, TN and TX

Child Care Centers Preparedness: On-line course that focuses on preparedness: 342 child care providers have completed the course and 162 are currently enrolled.

Pandemic Flu Preparedness for Families - public fact sheets developed and posted, agent teaching kit developed, 104 FCS-CEA trained, resources posted on employee only portion of Texas EDEN for agents use

IMT : Incident Management Teams being trained throughout Texas by Texas Forest Service. AgriLife Extension has committed 25 personnel for training and deployment

NIMS and ICS: Incident Command System observation and training April/May 2008; NIMS IS 700 required of all CEAs; ICS 100, 200, & 300 required of CEAs who activate at local EOC; Incident Resource Team Specialist to complete NIMS 700; most Administrators completed NIMS 700.

Hurricane Conference: Three AgriLife Extension faculty participated in Texas Hurricane Conference in Galveston, May 20 – 22, 2008.

Citizen Corp Conference: Two AgriLife Extension faculty participated in Citizen Corp Conference in San Antonio, June 3-4, 2008.

Homeland Security Conference: Texas AgriLife Extension provided a booth with examples of educational resource materials, December 2007.

SITREP: CEAs, DEAs reported efforts to Extension representative to SOC, who then compiled reports into an agency report to be submitted to the SOC for each specific incident

AG NEWS: Numerous news articles written by Specialists and Ag. Com. Specialists jointly:

Washington

Hazard Mitigation Planning
In 2008, Washington State University (WSU) completed a system-wide Hazard Mitigation Plan which addressed the principal natural, human-caused, and technological hazards which might impact seventy WSU locations across the State of Washington. This project was funded by FEMA through the Washington Emergency Management Division, and was the first step in building an extensive Hazard Inventory and Vulnerability Analysis (HIVA) to identify mitigation strategies. WSU will continue to develop and implement mitigation activities and projects based on this FEMA-approved plan for the next five years.

Risk Communication for Animal Health Events
Through funding from the National Center for Foreign Animal and Zoonotic Disease Defense, Washington State University Extension conducted two one-day training sessions held in strategic locations of the state to provide information and practical training on communicating effective messages during an animal health or food event. Participants included personnel from Extension, the Washington State Department of Agriculture, other government agencies, and private practice veterinarians. Program evaluations indicated participants improved their knowledge and skills in many facets of risk communication.

Response to Flooding
Several WSU faculty members and volunteers responded quickly to the devastating floods in Western Washington State during the past year by providing timely information and assistance to livestock producers related to animal health, carcass disposal, and safety concerns. WSU faculty members in coordination with the state department of agriculture provided information rapidly through WSU Extension's Marketing and News Services, as well through internet sites within hours of the flood's tragic impacts. Producers, members of the media, and Extension Educators referred to this resource for advice on feeding, handling and caring for livestock in flood-ravaged areas. Additionally, 4-H clubs assembled and delivered bottled water and other supplies to many of the affected families in the region. Youth and Volunteer Leaders alike pitched in to clean up damaged public facilities and assist local property owners in cleanup efforts. 4-H members were also seen giving public presentations on how to live a week without electricity. These and other actions were supported by 4-H fundraising efforts to assist families severely impacted by the flooding.

WSDA Collaboration
WSU Extension is actively working with the Washington State Department of Agriculture Animal Services Division to coordinate information and assistance to livestock producers across the state in planning for animal health emergencies and mitigating impacts of disasters affecting the state's livestock and pet animal populations. As all disasters begin locally and ultimately end locally, this collaboration provides a conduit for information to reach local stakeholders. A Field Veterinarian with the state department of agriculture serves on the WSU EDEN Coordinating Committee to facilitate necessary communications, and we are hopeful to expand this type of relationship with other agencies as appropriate.

WSU EDEN Webpage
WSU Extension is currently developing a webpage for consolidating information and resources to assist Extension personnel across the state of Washington in responding to local and regional disasters with practical information on disaster preparation and mitigation. The site should be operational by the end of the year.

Wisconsin

No Stopping Weather
A January tornado leaves a path of destruction in rural Kenosha County and residents scrambled to cover the damage as heavy snow followed in its wake. Winter provided record-breaking snowfalls. One major storm put WI in the national news as thousands of stranded motorists sat for hours on I-90 south of Madison . Over 10 inches of rain in mid-June caused 100-year flooding events through a major portion of south central Wisconsin . The nation watched again as houses were swept away and Lake Delton drained to the bottom. Most of the region impacted by flooding hasn't received significant rain since that time. Conditions remain dry in a good part of southern WI as people hope for a bit milder of a winter to come.

The WI Cooperative Extension (CE) county-based staffs are in integral part of many of the recovery efforts. There's no way to really enumerate their contributions as many consider some of their efforts a part of being a member of that community. Extension Responds is a section of the Agriculture and Natural Resources (ANRE) website (www.uwex.edu/ces/ag). Extension Responds, initiated in 2003, was updated during the 2008 floods. This information is primarily used by CE staff with a secondary use by the public. EDEN flooding resources were also shared with CE staff. A survey of response efforts by CE county based staff and 18 state specialists was conducted in October 2008. Results of survey will be available in early 2009.

Other Non-Weather Activities
While weather greatly influenced programming activities, some accomplishments focused on preventive efforts.

  • Agricultural Preparedness and Response
    In early 2008 “Agricultural Preparedness and Response” was launched as a part of the ANRE website. This section provides extension educators with additional resources than the Extension Responds section.
  • PPE For Agricultural Emergencies
    Got a kit? Yes, over 70 UW Extension agricultural agents and educators received their PPE for Agricultural Emergency kits in October during the statewide ANRE annual conference. One training session was held during the conference and additional sessions will be provided during statewide teleconferences before the end of 2008. The training focuses on use and limitations of personal protective equipment and provides an overview of web based emergency preparedness and response resources. A grant from the WI Office of Justice Assistance as part of US Homeland Security funding provided for 100 kits.
  • ICS Training
    One-day ICS training for CE agricultural agents and educators was first conducted in 2006. Eight new agents received training in the fall of 2007 and training for additional new agents is being planned for the end of 2008.

Interagency Representation
Ken Barnett serves on the Department of Agriculture Trade and Consumer Protection (DATCP) Emergency Management Working Group.

Wyoming

Wyoming CES is stretched to the limits with very small numbers in personal and a huge state to cover with very few employees. It has been busy year, serving all areas of Extension and a large state.

Wyoming Extension have developed a state EDEN link site on our University CES web site which will now list Extension worker personal cell phone numbers and other contact information so Extension workers can be contacted any time of the day or night and on weekends in the case of an emergency. These numbers are protected and you must have a U of W password to access them.

In addition we also meet with various Extension groups and have shared with them the Fair Livestock CD on Care and Bio-Security that was developed by Tom McBride and others of Colorado.

Supplemental Sea Grants

The National Sea Grant Extension Network

  • Adopted a new strategic plan, in which “Hazards Resiliency in Coastal Communities” is one of four major areas of programmatic focus.
  • Established a Hazards Resiliency in Coastal Communities focus team to provide network leadership in hazards work.

The Sea Grant National Climate and Weather Program

  • The CI-FLOW (Coastal and Inland Flooding Observation and Warning) project is an on-going research and extension effort to demonstrate the capacities of emerging hydrometeorological technologies and research techniques related to flooding in the coastal plain.
  • CI-FLOW researchers are building an ensemble of interactively coupled models designed to improve detection and prediction of hydrologic hazards.
  • CI-FLOW researchers will combine existing monitoring and prediction programs with emerging research capabilities to construct an end-to-end system which “tracks a raindrop from the sky to the summit to the sea” and delivers that information to decision makers at all levels.
  • CI-FLOW researchers have delivered invited presentations in February 2007 and 2008 at the NOAA-in-the-Carolina’s (NinC) Annual Meeting. Presentations centered on CI-FLOW project status and how the NinC group can continue to promote CI-FLOW.
  • Within NOAA leadership, CI-FLOW has become a major component of NOAA’s Integrated Water Resource Services (IWRS) planning area.
  • CI-FLOW has received support from the newly formed NOAA Southeastern- Caribbean Regional Team (SECART) led by Jeff Payne of NOAA’s Coastal Services Center.
  • The connection to NOAA regional teams, CERIS, NOAA Sea Grant, and NOAA regional consortiums is creating significant interest in CI-FLOW technology and techniques throughout NOAA, especially in South Carolina and Texas where small amounts of seed money have been made available by the National Sea Grant Program Office.

California Sea Grant

  • Initiated a project including video interviews with 5 of the top climate change researchers in California (their disciplines include transportation, economics, renewable resources and climatology).  It is in the process of creating a website about climate change in California .  The interviews will be available on the site in 20-30 minute and short 1-2 minute segments. The website should be ready to access by the first of the year.

Delaware Sea Grant

  • Worked in cooperation with Delaware DNREC and NOAA's Coastal Services Center to develop a Coastal Hazards/Coastal Community Resiliency program for Delaware .
  • Working towards completion of website and fact sheets on coastal hazards and community resiliency in Delaware .
  • Collaborated with Delaware Emergency Management Agency with regard to community resilience program initiatives, especially with regard to coordinating with required all-hazards planning efforts.
  • Convened and hosted a Coastal Construction Council meeting with local building officials and DNREC Shoreline and Waterway Management reps that focused on a debriefing of impacts of May 12 th northeaster.
  • Hosted a one-day training session on the 2003 IRC Hurricane Resistant Residential Construction. Workshop was sponsored by the ICC and the Lower Delaware/Maryland Building Officials Association (LDMBOA).
  • Coordinated with DNREC on several workshops related to flood hazard mitigation in Delaware . Initiated a series of Delaware Coastal Issues workshops in cooperation with Delaware DNREC. Topics addressed in 2007/2008 include (1) Sea-Level Rise and Coastal Inundation and (2) Coastal Hazards and Community Resiliency in Delaware .
  • Coordinated and presented dozens of screenings of the movie “The '62 Storm – Delaware 's Shared Response ” a documentary on Delaware 's coastal storm of record; after screenings, provided mitigation, preparedness and response information to the public (340 attendees).
  • Continued to work with local beach patrols and NOAA's National Weather Service (WFO Mt. Holly, NJ) on rip current awareness and nearshore observation data.

Florida Sea Grant Extension

  • County extension faculty members are involved in emergency planning at several levels.  Some are members in their local Incident Command System, on active alert when we have hurricane alerts.   Others have assisted the boating and fishing industries in pre-hurricane preparations.  
  • Local host and sponsor of a national “Preparing Your Marina for Hurricanes” this past spring; major sponsor was BOAT.US  and the Marine Industries Association of Florida.  All are involved, in some way or another with pre-hurricane planning and post-hurricane recovery (fortunately, so far we have only had minor recovery efforts this year due to hurricane Faye).

Hawaii Sea Grant

  • Hawaii Hazard Mitigation Plan – Hawaii Sea Grant is currently involved in the evaluation and review of the Hawaii State Hazard Mitigation Plan and has recommended the development and inclusion of a recovery plan within this document.
  • Tsunami Observer Program – Hawaii Sea Grant Extension Agents representing three islands have become members of the Tsunami Observer Program sponsored by the Hawaii State Civil Defense. The purpose of this program is to educate and train a group of volunteers across the State of Hawaii in real-time (photographic) and post-tsunami data collection methods for use in a tsunami event. The data will be used to study wave action, analyze event characteristics and serve as educational resources, as well as to refine the tsunami inundation maps and validate computer models.
  • Increased Shoreline Setbacks for Kauai County – Kauai 's coastal zone management regulations were amended in December 2007. The University of Hawaii Sea Grant College Program provided scientific support and policy review of the amendments. The rule amendments utilize modern scientific and coastal management principles to improve the existing shoreline setback requirements and provide a more conservative approach to siting coastal development with respect to known coastal hazards. This will improve coastal communities' resilience to coastal disasters. A primary component of this effort is to improve the rules governing the shoreline setback area through the prohibitions of inappropriate land use practices and increased enforcement options for Kauai County .
  • Homeowners Handbook to Prepare for Natural Hazards– Hawaii Sea Grant has been conducting outreach with community groups to promote use and awareness of this Hawaii Sea Grant publication and to encourage disaster preparedness across the state. Over 15,000 copies of the handbook have been distributed and it is now in its third printing. Hawaii Sea Grant is currently working with other Sea Grant programs throughout the country including Louisiana , Texas , and Mississippi/Alabama to develop a similar guidebook, and assisted Louisiana with development of a Coastal Hazard Mitigation Guidebook.

Louisiana Sea Grant

  • In the initial period following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005 storms, the Communications Division of Louisiana Sea Grant Program (LSGP) developed a Hurricane Recovery Resources website. The site contained answers and information linkages to more than 100 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs), most of which pertained to fisheries-related issues. For these efforts, the LSGP received a 2006 APEX Award of Excellence for One-of-a-Kind Crisis and Emergency Communications.
  • In 2007, coastal extension agents of the LSGP were recipients of the Superior Outreach Award from the national Assembly of Sea Grant Extension Program Leaders (ASGEPL) for their response and continuing recovery work following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita.
  • LSGP agents worked with their counterparts in Alaska to arrange for the donation, shipment, and setup of a marine travel lift. This vessel-lifting device facilitated the emergency recovery and repair of hundreds of vessels at Empire, Louisiana , one the nation's most productive commercial fishing ports.
  • By procuring emergency donations from the private sector, LSGP agents were able to establish two large-capacity ice plants in the wake of the 2005 storms. These two plants provided the ice needs for commercial fishermen in Southwestern and Southeastern Louisiana during the initial months following the storms of 2005.
  • Louisiana Sea Grant was a forming-member and has provided the brunt of technical support the Louisiana Fisheries Community Recovery Coalition (LFCRC). This coalition of 25 commercial and recreational fishing organizations was established in January 2006 for the purpose of: 1) Developing objective economic assessments of damages to coastal Louisiana fisheries infrastructure from the 2005 hurricane season; 2) Securing state and federal disaster aid funding; and 3) Providing guidance on the appropriate allocation of disaster funding amongst coastal fisheries interests.
  • In the first year after the storms, LSGP specialists and field agents were the primary source for economic estimates of coastal fisheries infrastructure damages. Such estimates were cited by the LFCRC to obtain more than $150 million in recovery funding from Congress and the Louisiana Recovery Authority.
  • Through the innovate use of GIS, hydrodynamic modeling, and economic damage modeling; the LSGP has developed a more rapid and accurate method for assessing post-hurricane damages.
  • Extension personnel have provided fisheries infrastructure assessments which have been quantified and refined into broader-scope fisheries economic damage assessments. 
  • Louisiana Sea Grant, LSU AgCenter, and the Center for Natural Resource Economics & Policy provided estimates of the economic costs to fisheries in Louisiana from Hurricane Gustav.  According to the report, fisheries infrastructure suffered damages of an estimated $76 million with another $58 million in revenue loss.
  • GIS specialists with Sea Grant provided two coastal parishes with Hurricane Rita storm surge scenarios (neither parish was affected by Rita) prior to Gustav making landfall so the local government could prepare itself and its citizens. Both parishes were anticipating Rita-like flooding from Gustav.
  • LSG Extension personnel have aided in determining and verifying storm surge heights from both hurricanes.
  • Extension personnel continue to meet with local officials about recovery and replacing critical fisheries infrastructure.
  • LSG Legal is planning three hazard mitigation workshops to be held in October. Plans are to video record one of the workshops and make it available on the Web for on-demand viewing.

Maine Sea Grant

The Maine and Oregon Sea Grant programs are collaborating on a two-year, NOAA-funded project, Climate Variability and Coastal Community Resilience: Developing and Testing a National Model of State-based Outreach . This project seeks to identify information needs of coastal property owners and public officials regarding climate change and its impacts on the coast, and to address the barriers to action faced by these groups. In Maine , we have:

  • Conducted six focus groups with our target audiences—coastal property owners, municipal officials, and recreational users of the coast in the southern and midcoast regions of the state—and developed and distributed two surveys to a larger sampling of these groups as part of the needs assessment for the project. Reports summarizing the results of the focus groups and analyzing the data obtained from the surveys have been produced, as well as a synthesis document comparing the results of the focus groups with those of the surveys.
  • Developed shooting plans and a draft shooting script for a DVD. Coordinated and scheduled stakeholders to interview for the DVD, and developed a shooting schedule for Joe Cone, assistant director and communications leader of Oregon Sea Grant, who is the video producer. Staff worked with Joe for two weeks this past summer to conduct videotape interviews of members of our target audience. Joe shot 11 hours of video footage and we are now in the process of editing it to integrate with the script. We plan to have the DVD program completed in early 2009.
  • Formed technical and stakeholder advisory committees. Some members of the technical advisory committee helped write text for the shooting script and were interviewed for the DVD. We are meeting with the stakeholder advisory committee on November 12 to help us design our outreach strategy for the project.

Maryland Sea Grant

  • Involved in a recently funded NOAA proposal to study environmental justice implication of climate change in Chesapeake Bay coastal communities. This is project led by Center for Integrative Environmental Research at UMD.
  • Involved in a Maryland Cooperative Extension mini-grant project: Maryland 4-H Alert, Evacuate and Shelter (AES):  a continuum to an AES training held in 2007.
  • Purchased 30 GPS Units using mini-grant funds (Garmin eTrex Venture HC High-Intensity Color Mapping Handheld GPS) for use in future geospatial and community readiness programs
  • CCD Specialist gave a GIS/GPS training session during the Maryland 4-H Teen Focus Conference, June 25 th , 2008. This was done in collaboration with Seth Marvin, from Washington County (4-H student that participated in AES training, and continues to be active in community)
  • Continue to coordinate with partners to address the emergency preparedness needs of citizens and to develop additional 4-H training to introduce community networking, web-based alert systems, GPS skills and GIS mapping strategies to community teams in Maryland
  • Initiated conversations with Maryland 's Coastal Training Program, which is part of Maryland 's Department of Natural Resource and CBNERR-MD, discussing climate change and community resiliency issues in Maryland . Created an online networking group, as part of a larger effort to work with outreach providers, addressing this issue: http://www.mdcoastaloutreach.net/group/climatechange (still at initial stage of launching website)
  • Chair the national Sea Grant SCCD (Sustainable Coastal Community Development) Training and Education Subcommittee, where the following topic, in additional to others, has been proposed as a need for SCCD education: Anticipatory Planning for Climate Change in Coastal Communities (Community Resiliency)
  • Served as project advisor to an Army Corps of Engineers project with the Virginia Institute of Marine Science to develop a GIS-based Erosion Vulnerability Assessment tool for Chesapeake Bay using Maryland shoreline data.

Minnesota Sea Grant

  • Rip Current awareness education targeting beach users and recreationists
  • Presentations to citizens and local governments including climate change, extreme storm events, and flooding and erosion risks

Mississippi/Alabama Sea Grant

  • Navigating the National Flood Insurance Program, publication
  • Over a 72 hr period and with the assistance of over 100 people involved in the Gulf of Mexico Alliance (NOAA, FEMA, State, Local)
  • The web site at: http://masgc.org/gulfstorms was created.

New Jersey Sea Grant

  • Coordinated the purchase and delivery of over 100 new/replacement rip current warning signs for NJ's coastal community.
  • Discussed additional means of delivering rip current warning messages with local stakeholders
  • Held workshops for lifeguards regarding the latest in rip current research and outreach.
  • Conducted interviews on storms/rip currents for the local press.
  • Presented talks on the Stevens NJ storm surge warning system.
  • Compiled and released the proceedings of our urban sea level rise conference ( http://cmn.dl.stevens-tech.edu/SeaGrant/SLR/ )
  • Presented numerous talks on sea level rise and coastal resiliency.

New York Sea Grant

  • With funding from the National Park Service New York Sea Grant wrote and produced a publication entitled Long Island's Dynamic South Shore : A Primer on the Forces and Trends Shaping our Coast.    This 28-page booklet provides a layman's overview of the natural and anthropogenic processes that control shoreline hazards and erosion.  Topics covered include storms, sea level rise, sediment budgets and human activities in the coastal zone.  Over 15,000 copies have been distributed to coastal audiences who are using the information to evaluate proposed hazard management and storm damage reduction programs.
  • New York Sea Grant is working with the Northeast Climatic Data Center, Cornell University's Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, and local coastal and emergency managers to provide coastal officials with decision support tools to help them better manage the impacts of east coast winter storms, also known as northeasters.  As part of this project, which was funded by NOAA's Climate Transition Program, Cornell and Sea Grant worked in consultation with emergency personnel and coastal managers to develop a beta version of the East Coast Winter Storms Web site ( http://atmos.eas.cornell.edu/~wrf/ecws/index ) to provide stake holders with information on seasonal winter storm forecasts, historical storm impacts and climatology, and real time atmospheric and marine conditions that they can use to formulate more efficient management responses to these events.

Oregon Sea Grant

  • In the past year Oregon Sea Grant's Hazards Outreach Specialist has been active in the development of Clatsop County 's Pre-Hazard Mitigation Plan. This plan identifies specific actions to take to reduce the county's vulnerability to natural hazards. It also allows the County to apply for additional FEMA funds.
  • The Specialist also works with federal, state, and local agencies and organizations to engage local residents, agency staff, and elected leaders in better understanding the nature of the earthquake and tsunami hazards along the Oregon coast and how to prepare for these events.
  • The Specialist was appointed by the Oregon Governor to convene a group of scientists and stakeholders charged to find beneficial uses of dredge material at the mouth of the Columbia River . The nearshore beneficial use project is commissioning research projects that apply dredge materials in ways that shore up the eroding jetties and nourish beaches without negatively impacting navigational safety, the local crab fishery, or creating harm to other species.
  • The Specialist gave presentations and workshops to local leaders, students and community groups on the impacts of climate on the Oregon Coast , tsunami preparedness, and beach safety. These activities are creating a positive impact and increase the resiliency of coastal communities to the negative effects of natural hazards.
  • Developed, conducted, and analyzed a web survey of coastal stakeholders
  • Presented preliminary info to state and local groups
  • Solicited feedback on info needed and preferred modes of learning 
  • Began filming segments for an instructional video
  • Identified a case study community and began planning community workshops

Puerto Rico Sea Grant

  • Given several talks, radio and press interviews, about the storm surge and tsunami hazard (combined, more than 20 up to now), coastal erosion, and sea level rise
  • In the process of implementing the ADCIRC storm surge model in Puerto Rico . This includes running the SWAN wave model in a feedback process in order to compute the wave setup component. We plan to use if to update the PR Storm Surge Atlas. Later on we plan to have it running in real-time during a hurricane threat.
  • Working to implement the Boussinesq (phase resolving) wave model and Coulwave, in Puerto Rico . To serve to compute wind-wave wave propagation over the storm surge.
  • Preparad a document, Desarrollo Costero en Puerto Rico-Situación. Can be downloaded from http://www.4shared.com/file/64316982/d4437b88/Desarrollo_costero_en_Puerto_Rico-Situacion_no_sostenible.html
  • Continue working for NOAA on preparing tsunami SIM's (Short-Term Models) for coastal cities along the eastern and western coasts of the USA , to be used in forecasting tsunami effects in real-time using NOAA's DART buoys.
  • Participated in meetings of the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program Mapping and Modeling sub-committee
  • Participated in a Coastal Inundation Workshop held in San Juan , PR, sponsored by the Caribbean Regional Association and the Nat'l Federation of Regional Associations for Coastal and Ocean Observing
  • Participated in two UNESCO/IOC  ICG Caribbean Tsunami Early Warning System and Other Coastal Hazards ( Panama , and Venezuela ) as chair of Working Group 2: Modeling and Research
  • Participated as external reviewer for the National Research Council of the reports related with hurricane Katrina in New Orleans .
  • Made a presentation at “Solution to Coastal Disasters 2008”

South and North Carolina Sea Grant

  • In partnership with the Carolinas Integrated Sciences and Assessment (CISA) program, and with the support of the NOAA Climate Office and the National Sea Grant Office, established the network's first regional coastal climate extension program. Among the most important elements of this program is communicating and educating coastal stakeholders about the impacts of climate change and variability on sea level rise, storm surge, coastal flooding and the intensity of tropical and extra tropical storms.
  • Created a network-wide climate change listserv SG_Climate-L@clemson.edu . The purpose of the listserv is to support a cross-cutting program network dedicated to climate and climate change (including hazards related impacts) program development and resource sharing. It is open to EDEN delegates who share these interests and program responsibilities.

South Carolina Sea Grant

  • 113 Calhoun - At 113 Calhoun Street in downtown Charleston, the 113 Calhoun Street Foundation, under SCSGEP management and leadership, developed an urban stormwater demonstration site using a pervious paving system and native and naturalized landscape. Program partnerships were created with the Clemson Extension Service and Sustainability Institute of Charleston. All materials and labor for the project were donated by local vendors. In addition, many of the hazards resiliency exhibits at the demonstration center were up-dated. A project to up-date and improve the web site was also initiated.
  • Rip Current Awareness – The SCSGEP coastal processes specialist developed a rip current awareness program in partnership with beach communities in the northern coastal counties. Over 100 hundred rip current warning signs were posted by local communities on beach access points. Sea Grant is a national partner for Rip Current Awareness Week with the NOAA National weather Service and the US Life Guard Association.
  • BERM - The SCSGEP Coastal Processes specialist conducted applied research, data collection for the annual “State of the SC Beaches” report by the SC DHEC Office of Coastal Resources Management (SC OCRM). The agency uses the data to regulate development along the state's beaches. In addition, the specialist has served on an advisory panel to guide the Isle of Palms Town Council in its long range beach management planning.
  • In the area of Climate extension, the SCSGEP, in partnership with the Carolinas RISA Program and North Carolina Sea Grant, established a pilot climate extension program and continued development of a national Sea Grant climate outreach network. The Climate Extension specialist is currently named on one funded and three proposed applied research projects related to climate impacts on sea level rise, costal drinking water supplies, future coastal zone management strategies, and the development of mental models of risk perception.

Texas Sea Grant
The primary contact with Texas Sea Grant with respect to EDEN was Ralph Rayburn. Ralph passed away unexpectedly on January 31, 2008 and I took on the role as EDEN contact until we have a replacement. Interviews of three finalist will be held in late October, so it may be a few months before someone assumes that responsibility.

While I have largely been serving as a placeholder, I have followed the correspondence and there are a few things I can report.

First, we continue to send out news releases each spring around the state and to inland states about the danger of rip currents and how to react should you be caught in one. This is done before the annual college spring break season to alert people who are not from the coast about the danger. We also put table tents in motel rooms along the coast, will provide signage to communities that would like to post them on their beaches, and have also placed posters in various businesses frequented by beachgoers.

The major event this year was hurricane Ike. Sea Grant was somewhat frustrated with respect to opportunities to help with early recovery activities, though some of our agents and others did mark boats and get GPS coordinates to assist people in finding their vessels that often ended up on roads or in pastures. Our personnel have done some initial damage assessment by taking photos of commercial fishery-related facilities that were damaged by the storm and are trying to make arrangements with FEMA to assist the fishing industry as they attempt to recover. Some of our field personnel suffered flooding and damage to their homes and offices, but they continue to pursue opportunities to help their communities. We would like to develop a trailer that could be taken into affected areas to provide supplies and at least one emergency generator to make available to our personnel who might be without power, fuel and food for days or even weeks following the next major storm.

Our coastal development extension specialist located south of Houston continues to work with regional planning organizations with respect to making planners aware of areas prone to flooding and so forth, which will be increasingly important as Galveston and surrounding areas attempt to build back.

Finally, we are working with the National Severe Storms Laboratory in Norman, Oklahoma and two other Sea Grant programs to eventually help expedite applying the CIE-FLOW model in the Houston-Galveston area. The model couples storm surge and instantaneous rainfall. It should be possible to hind cast from Ike to determine how robust the model is, and we hope to being that process by 2010.

Washington Sea Grant

  • Earthquake/tsunami hazards mitigation plans developed by Washington and Oregon Sea Grant for Washington and Oregon Coast and by Washington Sea Grant for Sinclair Inlet , Puget Sound are in place and working. Bob Goodwin and Jim Good, marine resource specialists from WSG and OSG, respectively, spent a number of years studying hazards on the coast and in Puget Sound . They were instrumental in getting hazard mitigation measures such as emergency plans and escape routes established. These measures are now part of county emergency services plans in both states.
  • Sea Grant works with property owners and local government to create resilient coastlines. It designs shoreline restoration projects to improve ecological functions and prevent harmful land use practices such as shoreline armoring. Working with ports, tribes, local jurisdictions and private landowners, Sea Grant develops and delivers guidance to increase awareness and understanding of ecosystem threats. In 2007, Sea Grant technical assistance convinced 16 low-bank waterfront homeowners along 1000 feet of shoreline to use natural, “soft bank” materials and related restoration methods. The project provided effective home protection while restoring natural waterfront processes.
  • Sea Grant supports development of new educational models and innovative marine policy curricula. Students are selected competitively to produce a publishable Master's thesis emphasizing natural and social science integration. A case-study approach is used to conduct research on emerging marine issues. The studies will form the basis of a casebook that will be distributed to local and regional managers to help guide the implementation of ecosystem-based management. The project has motivated seven students to focus their thesis or other major research work around themes of resilience and vulnerability of marine environmental or socio-economic systems in the face of environmental change.

Wisconsin Sea Grant

  • Ongoing 2008 rip current education and outreach consisting of Spring 2008 press releases and radio interviews concerning Great Lakes rip current hazards.
  • Member of the International Joint Commission committee (IJC) quantifying the potential Great Lakes coastal hazard impacts related to variations in coastal processes which could occur from a new upper Great Lakes water level regulation plan.
  • UW Sea Grant and the UW Coastal Engineering department are developing a real-time wave information and warning system for the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore sea cave site. The region is characterized by tall, stone walls with beautiful carved out caves. It is a very popular sea kayak site but is also very remote with no “safe haven” area when dangerous waves are present. The system will transmit real-time wave information to the Park headquarters for potential lake hazard condition awareness.
  • Supporting the analysis of the April 2007 oblique low level aerial shoreline color photograph series taken along Wisconsin’s entire Great Lakes shorelines. Analysis includes a qualitative study of the 3511 overlapping digital photos for shoreline changes between sequential historic photograph series as well as identification of erosion “hot spots”.
  • Supported a shoreline model ordinance study by the National Sea Grant law center to develop model setback ordinances for regulation of development by local governments along the Great Lakes coasts of Wisconsin.
  • Continuing to support a companion study to the National law Center model ordinance work to review and document the coastal hazards setback policy approaches and recession/bluff stability methods currently being used for the Great Lakes. This study is preparing an annotated bibliography of coastal studies that have been completed in Wisconsin with respect to relevant coastal hazard setback issues as well as to provide discussions and recommendations for how construction and development permits should be reviewed by local officials. The final document will provide information detailing state and local efforts to identify and manage coastal hazards in the state of Wisconsin.
  • Wisconsin Sea Grant Coastal Engineering and GIS specialists continue to serve on the Wisconsin Coastal Hazards team to assist the state with coastal hazard planning efforts, education and outreach.

Last Updated:11/4/2009 4:44 PM
 


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