Zika disease in humans is caused by infection with the Zika virus which is transmitted most often by the bite of an infected mosquito. The mosquito species most likely to be involved in transmission in the United States and its territories are two “container mosquitoes,Aedes agypti (the yellow fever mosquito)and Aedes albopictus (the Asian tiger mosquito).
The disease was detected in Brazil, where it was linked to birth defects in the babies of women infected with the virus. The virus traveled to the states in infected travelers, and concern rose for the possibility of the vector-human-vector cycle to become established.
National Pest Alert - Zika Virus (August 2016)
Daily Update from Florida Department of Health:
EDEN's response to the Zika threat
EDEN conducted an initial survey of delegates in February, 2016, to determine their interests, needs, and on-going Zika activities. The results suggested that a handful of states had begun both research and Extension education of both staff and the public, and that there were some specific needs from the Extension community. Among those needs were research on impacts of the virus on companion animals and information on how the Zika threat generally would impact summer Extension outdoor programs.
EDEN added "Zika" to the Hazard Type tag in the Resource Catalog, and cataloged the resources provided through the initial survey. EDEN also began developing the capacity to provide educational information to support member programs. With the direct assistance and involvement of Dr. Nick Place, EDEN ECOP Liaison and Extension Director for Florida Extension, Dr. Roxanne Connelly was asked to lead the initial effort, and to select a team of experts. Dr. Connelly and her team (listed below) have provided the information contained in the two background information pages first published on May 6, 2016: Zika Disease and Zika Virus and Vectors.
A webinar and additional forms of communication and support for Extension Zika programming are contemplated.
EDEN's Zika Resource Collection
Zika CDC Draft Interim Response Plan 974kB PDF 2-page summary PDF
The CDC Draft Interim Zika Response Plan was introduced by the Centers for Disease Control as they hosted a national teleconference with state health officials, state epidemiologists, state maternal and child health leads, and key local health department officials.for the continental United States and Hawaii on Friday, June 10, 2016. Updates will be provided as new ideas come to light or circumstances change. While all cases reported to date in the continental United States and Hawaii are travel-related, it is important to increase awareness and prepare now to respond to local transmission of Zika.
Contact Roxanne Connelly to suggest a non-Extension Zika resource for inclusion here.
Extension Resources in the EDEN Catalog: Zika Word Search (also tagged as Hazard=Zika)
Contact Debbie Hurlbert if you need help cataloging your Extension Zika resource.
CDC Zika Interim Guidance for District and School Administrators
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed interim guidance for kindergarten through Grade 12 district and school administrators for public health actions pertaining to the Zika virus infection. This guidance provides an overview of the potential roles and responsibilities of public health authorities and school officials, describes prevention measures that schools can take to reduce mosquito exposure, and provides information on response planning.
To view the CDC guidance on the Zika virus, go to http://www.cdc.gov/zika/schools.html.
To keep students and staff safe from infectious diseases, the Readiness and Emergency Management for School Technical Assistance offers a variety of resources. To view these resources, go to http://www.rems.ed.gov/KeepSchoolsSafeFromDiseases.aspx.
EDEN's Zika team
- Dr. Roxanne Connelly, University of Florida - lead
- Dr. Kristen Bartlett-Healy, Louisiana State University AgCenter
- Elmer Gray, University of Georgia
- Dr. Jorge Rey, University of Florida
- Dr. Dan Suiter, University of Georgia
- Dr. Becky Trout Fryxell – University of Tennessee